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RL-RTX RL-FlashFS RL-TCPnet RL-CAN RL-USB Example Programs Library Reference Data Types BIT BOOL CAN_ERROR CAN_msg CDC_LINE_CODING DCACHE FAT_VI FATINFO FCACHE FILE FINFO CID_REG FATVAR Media_INFO OS_ID RL_TIME S8 S16 S32 S64 U8 U16 U32 U64 Include Files can_cfg.h file_config.h net_config.h rtl.h rtx_can.h rtx_config.h stdio.h Reference _alloc_box _calloc_box _declare_box _declare_box8 _free_box _init_box _init_box8 accept ADC_IF_GetRequest ADC_IF_SetRequest arp_cache_ip arp_cache_mac arp_get_info bind CAN_init CAN_receive CAN_request CAN_rx_object CAN_send CAN_set CAN_start CAN_tx_object cgi_func cgi_process_data cgi_process_var cgx_content_type closesocket cls.config cls.get_last_error cls.init cls.unconfig cls.uninit com_getchar com_putchar com_tx_active connect dhcp_cbfunc dhcp_disable efs.EraseChip efs.EraseSector efs.Init efs.ProgramPage efs.ReadData efs.UnInit fanalyse fat.DeviceCtrl fat.Init fat.ReadInfo fat.ReadSect fat.UnInit fat.WriteSect fattrib fcheck fclose fdefrag fdelete feof ferror ffind fflush fformat ffree fgetc fgets finit FIQ_Handler fopen fprintf fputc fputs fread frename fs_get_date fs_get_time fscanf fseek ftell ftp_accept_host ftp_check_account ftp_evt_notify ftp_fclose ftp_fdelete ftp_ffind ftp_file_access ftp_fopen ftp_fread ftp_frename ftp_fwrite ftp_get_user_id ftpc_cbfunc ftpc_connect ftpc_fclose ftpc_fopen ftpc_fread ftpc_fwrite funinit fvol fwrite get_host_by_name gethostbyname getpeername getsockname HID_GetReport HID_SetReport http_accept_host http_check_account http_date http_fclose http_fgets http_file_access http_finfo http_fopen http_fread http_get_content_type http_get_info http_get_lang http_get_session http_get_user_id http_get_var icmp_ping igmp_join igmp_leave init_ethernet init_serial init_TcpNet int_disable_eth int_enable_eth interrupt_ethernet ioc_getcb ioc_init ioc_read_info ioc_read_sect ioc_uninit ioc_write_sect ioctlsocket isr_evt_set isr_mbx_check isr_mbx_receive isr_mbx_send isr_sem_send isr_tsk_get listen main_TcpNet mci.BusMode mci.BusSpeed mci.BusWidth mci.CheckMedia mci.Command mci.Delay mci.Init mci.ReadBlock mci.SetDma mci.UnInit mci.WriteBlock modem_dial modem_hangup modem_init modem_listen modem_online modem_process modem_run MSC_Inquiry MSC_MemoryRead MSC_MemoryVerify MSC_MemoryWrite nand.BlockErase nand.Init nand.PageRead nand.PageWrite nand.UnInit os_dly_wait os_evt_clr os_evt_get os_evt_set os_evt_wait_and os_evt_wait_or os_itv_set os_itv_wait os_mbx_check os_mbx_declare os_mbx_init os_mbx_send os_mbx_wait os_mut_init os_mut_release os_mut_wait os_resume os_sem_init os_sem_send os_sem_wait os_suspend os_sys_init os_sys_init_prio os_sys_init_user OS_Tick_Handler os_tick_init os_tick_irqack os_time_get os_tmr_call os_tmr_create os_tmr_kill os_tsk_create os_tsk_create_ex os_tsk_create_user os_tsk_create_user_ex os_tsk_delete os_tsk_delete_self os_tsk_pass os_tsk_prio os_tsk_prio_self os_tsk_self poll_ethernet ppp_close ppp_connect ppp_is_up ppp_listen recv recvfrom rewind send send_frame sendto slip_close slip_connect slip_is_up slip_listen smtp_accept_auth smtp_cbfunc smtp_connect snmp_set_community snmp_trap sntp_get_time socket spi.BusSpeed spi.CheckMedia spi.Init spi.RecBuf spi.Send spi.SendBuf spi.SetSS spi.UnInit tcp_abort tcp_check_send tcp_close tcp_connect tcp_get_buf tcp_get_socket tcp_get_state tcp_listen tcp_max_dsize tcp_release_socket tcp_reset_window tcp_send tftp_accept_host tftp_fclose tftp_fopen tftp_fread tftp_fwrite tftpc_fclose tftpc_fopen tftpc_fread tftpc_fwrite tftpc_get tftpc_put timer_tick tnet_accept_host tnet_cbfunc tnet_ccmp tnet_check_account tnet_get_info tnet_get_user_id tnet_msg_poll tnet_process_cmd tnet_set_delay tsk_lock tsk_unlock udp_close udp_get_buf udp_get_socket udp_mcast_ttl udp_open udp_release_socket udp_send ungetc USB_Core USB_Device USB_EndPointNumber USB_EndPoint0 USB_IRQHandler USB_ISR USB_ReadEP USB_TaskInit USB_WriteEP usbd_adc_init USBD_CDC_ACM_DataAvailable USBD_CDC_ACM_DataRead USBD_CDC_ACM_DataSend USBD_CDC_ACM_GetChar USBD_CDC_ACM_Notify USBD_CDC_ACM_PortGetLineCoding USBD_CDC_ACM_PortInitialize USBD_CDC_ACM_PortReset USBD_CDC_ACM_PortSetControlLineState USBD_CDC_ACM_PortSetLineCoding USBD_CDC_ACM_PortUninitialize USBD_CDC_ACM_PutChar usbd_cdc_init usbd_cdc_ser_availchar usbd_cdc_ser_closeport usbd_cdc_ser_initport usbd_cdc_ser_linestate usbd_cdc_ser_openport usbd_cdc_ser_read usbd_cdc_ser_write usbd_cls_dev_req usbd_cls_ep_req usbd_cls_if_req usbd_cls_init usbd_cls_sof usbd_configured usbd_connect usbd_hid_get_protocol usbd_hid_get_report usbd_hid_get_report_trigger usbd_hid_init usbd_hid_set_protocol usbd_hid_set_report usbd_init usbd_msc_init usbd_msc_read_sect usbd_msc_start_stop usbd_msc_write_sect usbd_reset_core usbd_vcom_chkserstate usbd_vcom_serial2usb usbd_vcom_usb2serial usbh_ehci_hw_delay_ms usbh_ehci_hw_get_capabilities usbh_ehci_hw_init usbh_ehci_hw_irq_en usbh_ehci_hw_pins_config usbh_ehci_hw_port_power usbh_ehci_hw_reg_rd usbh_ehci_hw_reg_wr usbh_engine usbh_engine_all usbh_get_error_string usbh_get_last_error usbh_hid_data_in usbh_hid_data_in_callback usbh_hid_data_out usbh_hid_get_last_error usbh_hid_kbd_getkey usbh_hid_mouse_getdata usbh_hid_parse_report_desc usbh_hid_status usbh_hw_delay_ms usbh_hw_ep_add usbh_hw_ep_config usbh_hw_ep_remove usbh_hw_get_capabilities usbh_hw_get_connect usbh_hw_get_speed usbh_hw_init usbh_hw_pins_config usbh_hw_port_power usbh_hw_port_reset usbh_hw_urb_cancel usbh_hw_urb_submit usbh_init usbh_init_all usbh_mem_alloc usbh_mem_free usbh_mem_init usbh_msc_get_last_error usbh_msc_read usbh_msc_read_config usbh_msc_status usbh_msc_write usbh_ohci_hw_delay_ms usbh_ohci_hw_get_capabilities usbh_ohci_hw_init usbh_ohci_hw_irq_en usbh_ohci_hw_pins_config usbh_ohci_hw_port_power usbh_ohci_hw_reg_rd usbh_ohci_hw_reg_wr usbh_transfer usbh_uninit usbh_uninit_all Library Files Appendix


#include <rtl.h>

int socket (
    int family,         /* Address family. */
    int type,           /* Communication type. */
    int protocol);      /* Communication protocol */

The socket function creates a communication end point called a socket.

The argument family specifies the address family. Currently the only acceptable value is AF_INET.

The argument type specifies the communication semantics. The following are the currently supported types:

Type Description
SOCK_STREAM Provides a reliable connection based data stream that is full-duplex.
SOCK_DGRAM Provides connectionless communication that is unreliable.

The argument protocol specifies the protocol that must be used with socket type:

Protocol Description
IPPROTO_TCP Must be used with SOCK_STREAM socket type.
IPPROTO_UDP Must be used with SOCK_DGRAM socket type.
0 The system selects a matching protocol for the socket type.

The socket function is in the RL-TCPnet library. The prototype is defined in rtl.h.


  • You must call the socket function before any other function calls to the BSD socket.
  • If a negative number is returned, it represents an error code.
Return Value

The socket function returns the following result:

  • handle
    The allocated BSD socket handle (a positive number).
    The function parameters are invalid or not supported.
    The function failed to allocate a socket.
See Also

bind, closesocket, ioctlsocket

#include <rtl.h>

__task void server (void *argv) {
  /* Server task runs in 2 instances. */
  int sock, sd, res;
  int type = (int)argv;
  char dbuf[4];

  while (1) {
    sock = socket (AF_INET, type, 0);

    addr.sin_port        = htons(1001);
    addr.sin_family      = PF_INET;
    addr.sin_addr.s_addr = INADDR_ANY;

    bind (sock, (SOCKADDR *)&addr, sizeof(addr));

    if (type == SOCK_STREAM) {
      listen (sock, 1);
      sd = accept (sock, NULL, NULL);
      closesocket (sock);
      sock = sd;

    while (1) {
      res = recv (sock, dbuf, sizeof (dbuf), 0);
      if (res <= 0) {
      procrec ((U8 *)dbuf);
    closesocket (sock);

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