Keil Logo

Technical Support

On-Line Manuals

Libraries and Floating Point Support Guide

Preface The ARM C and C++ Libraries The ARM C Micro-library Floating-point Support About floating-point support The software floating-point library, fplib Calling fplib routines fplib arithmetic on numbers in a particular format fplib conversions between floats, long longs, doub fplib comparisons between floats and doubles fplib C99 functions Controlling the ARM floating-point environment Floating-point functions for compatibility with Mi C99-compatible functions for controlling the ARM f C99 rounding mode and floating-point exception mac Exception flag handling Functions for handling rounding modes Functions for saving and restoring the whole float Functions for temporarily disabling exceptions ARM floating-point compiler extensions to the C99 Writing a custom exception trap handler Example of a custom exception handler Exception trap handling by signals mathlib double and single-precision floating-point IEEE 754 arithmetic Basic data types for IEEE 754 arithmetic Single precision data type for IEEE 754 arithmetic Double precision data type for IEEE 754 arithmetic Sample single precision floating-point values for Sample double precision floating-point values for IEEE 754 arithmetic and rounding Exceptions arising from IEEE 754 floating-point ar Exception types recognized by the ARM floating-poi Using the Vector Floating-Point (VFP) support libr The C and C++ Library Functions reference Floating-point Support Functions Reference

Exception trap handling by signals

3.3.11 Exception trap handling by signals

You can use the SIGFPE signal to handle exceptions.


The following functionality requires you to select a floating-point model that supports exceptions, such as --fpmode=ieee_full or --fpmode=ieee_fixed.
If an exception is trapped but the trap handler address is set to NULL, a default trap handler is used.
The default trap handler raises a SIGFPE signal. The default handler for SIGFPE prints an error message and terminates the program.
If you trap SIGFPE, you can declare your signal handler function to have a second parameter that tells you the type of floating-point exception that occurred. This feature is provided for compatibility with Microsoft products. The values are _FPE_INVALID, _FPE_ZERODIVIDE, _FPE_OVERFLOW, _FPE_UNDERFLOW and _FPE_INEXACT. They are defined in float.h. For example:
void sigfpe(int sig, int etype){
    printf("SIGFPE (%s)\n",
           etype == _FPE_INVALID ? "Invalid Operation" :
           etype == _FPE_ZERODIVIDE ? "Divide by Zero" :
           etype == _FPE_OVERFLOW ? "Overflow" :
           etype == _FPE_UNDERFLOW ? "Underflow" :
           etype == _FPE_INEXACT ? "Inexact Result" :
signal(SIGFPE, (void(*)(int))sigfpe);
To generate your own SIGFPE signals with this extra information, you can call the function __rt_raise() instead of the ISO function raise(). For example:
    __rt_raise(SIGFPE, _FPE_INVALID);
__rt_raise() is declared in rt_misc.h.
Related information
Non-ConfidentialPDF file icon PDF versionARM DUI0378H
Copyright © 2007, 2008, 2011, 2012, 2014-2016 ARM. All rights reserved. 
  Arm logo
Important information

This site uses cookies to store information on your computer. By continuing to use our site, you consent to our cookies.

Change Settings

Privacy Policy Update

Arm’s Privacy Policy has been updated. By continuing to use our site, you consent to Arm’s Privacy Policy. Please review our Privacy Policy to learn more about our collection, use and transfers
of your data.