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Unary operators

7.19 Unary operators

Unary operators return a string, numeric, or logical value. They have higher precedence than other operators and are evaluated first.

A unary operator precedes its operand. Adjacent operators are evaluated from right to left.
The following table lists the unary operators that return strings:

Table 7-1 Unary operators that return strings

Operator Usage Description
:CHR: :CHR:A Returns the character with ASCII code A.
:LOWERCASE: :LOWERCASE:string Returns the given string, with all uppercase characters converted to lowercase.
:REVERSE_CC: :REVERSE_CC:cond_code Returns the inverse of the condition code in cond_code, or an error if cond_code does not contain a valid condition code.
:STR: :STR:A Returns an 8-digit hexadecimal string corresponding to a numeric expression, or the string "T" or "F" if used on a logical expression.
:UPPERCASE: :UPPERCASE:string Returns the given string, with all lowercase characters converted to uppercase.
The following table lists the unary operators that return numeric values:

Table 7-2 Unary operators that return numeric or logical values

Operator Usage Description
? ?A Number of bytes of code generated by line defining symbol A.
+ and -
+A
-A
Unary plus. Unary minus. + and – can act on numeric and PC-relative expressions.
:BASE: :BASE:A If A is a PC-relative or register-relative expression, :BASE: returns the number of its register component. :BASE: is most useful in macros.
:CC_ENCODING: :CC_ENCODING:cond_code Returns the numeric value of the condition code in cond_code, or an error if cond_code does not contain a valid condition code.
:DEF: :DEF:A {TRUE} if A is defined, otherwise {FALSE}.
:INDEX: :INDEX:A If A is a register-relative expression, :INDEX: returns the offset from that base register. :INDEX: is most useful in macros.
:LEN: :LEN:A Length of string A.
:LNOT: :LNOT:A Logical complement of A.
:NOT: :NOT:A Bitwise complement of A (~ is an alias, for example ~A).
:RCONST: :RCONST:Rn Number of register, 0-15 corresponding to R0-R15.
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