Event Recorder and Component Viewer  Version 1.4.0
MDK Debugger Views for Status and Event Information
 All Files Functions Macros Groups Pages
Using Event Recorder

The following steps enable the MDK debugger views for static information and dynamic events.

For User Code:

  1. Add the Event Recorder to the project.
  2. [Optional] Locate the Event Recorder data to uninitialized memory to avoid overwriting the entries on program reset.
  3. [Optional] Set the correct initial time stamp.
  4. [Optional] Create a heartbeat to avoid timer overflow problems.
  5. Add Event Annotations in the C source to be able to stream dynamic event information.
  6. Create an SCVD file to Format Event Information that matches with application code.

For MDK Middleware, Keil RTX5, and FreeRTOS:

The software packs for MDK Middleware, CMSIS, CMSIS-FreeRTOS already contain the relevant *.SCVD files and the related event annotations in the C source code.

  1. Add Event Recorder to the project.
  2. Select a Debug variant for the middleware component to enable event information (for RTX5 select Source variant).

Add Event Recorder

To use the Event Recorder in an application, you need to:

  • Select the software component Compiler:Event Recorder using the RTE management dialog.
  • Include the EventRecorder.h header file and add the event recorder initialization function to the source code:
    #include "EventRecorder.h" // Keil::Compiler:Event Messaging
    int main (void) {
    HAL_Init(); // configure hardware abstraction layer
    SystemClock_Config(); // configure system clock
    MemoryBus_Config(); // configure external memory bus
    EventRecorderInitialize (EventRecordAll, 1); // initialize and start Event Recorder
    // other application code
  • By default, the Event Recorder uses the DWT Cycle Counter as a time stamp source. This is not available on Cortex-M0/M0+/M23. Change the configuration to use an alternative timer instead.
  • For Keil RTX5 (version 5.4.0 and above), no call to EventRecorderInitialize is required. Instead enable Event Recorder Configuration - Global Initialization in the RTX_Config.h file. Refer to the CMSIS-RTOS2 - RTX v5 Implementation for more information.

Locate Event Recorder in uninitialized memory

For uninterrupted recording of program resets, the RAM for the Event Recorder component should be placed to a memory region that is not cleared (or initialized) by a system restart (reset), and which differs from the RAM area that is used for Flash programming. The memory required for the Event Recorder is calculated with the formula:

164 + 16 x Number_of_Records (defined by \c EVENT_RECORD_COUNT in EventRecorderConf.h)

In this example we configure 0x800 bytes (as it is easier) which can more than 64 records.

Use either a linker script, or configure this uninitialized RAM in uVision with these steps:

  1. In the Options for Target dialog, on the Utilities tab, click on Settings for "Use Target Driver for Flash Programming". Note the "RAM for Algorithm" area:

  2. In the Options for Target dialog, define a Read/Write memory area that is not initialized and which does not overlap with the area from the first step.
    For example, split IRAM1 into two regions. Reduce size of IRAM1 by 0x800 and create an IRAM2 area with start 0x2001F800 and size 0x800. Enable NoInit for this IRAM2 region.

  3. In the Options for Component Class 'Compiler' dialog (opens with right-click on EventRecorder.c in the Project window), on the Memory tab, assign Zero Initialized Data to the IRAM2 region.

  4. Build the application to place the Event Recorder data buffers to uninitialized RAM. You may verify the generated scatter file:
    ; *************************************************************
    ; *** Scatter-Loading Description File generated by uVision ***
    ; *************************************************************
    LR_IROM1 0x00000000 0x00040000 { ; load region size_region
    ER_IROM1 0x00000000 0x00040000 { ; load address = execution address
    .o (RESET, +First)
    .ANY (+RO)
    RW_IRAM1 0x20000000 0x0001F800 { ; RW data
    .ANY (+RW +ZI)
    RW_IRAM2 0x2001F800 UNINIT 0x00000800 {
    EventRecorder.o (+ZI)
  • If the Event Recorder data buffer is not in uninitialized memory, the Command window of the debugger displays: "Warning: Event Recorder not located in uninitialized memory!".
  • Knowledgebase article 4012 explains how to create custom memory areas in uVision.
  • If your RAM is not big enough to separate the Event Recorder area from the Flash programming area, make sure that you enable "Reset and Run" for the Download Function:
  • If this still produces broken Event Recorder records after a reset, a power-cycle of the target system will help.

Time Stamp Settings

To avoid display problems in System Analyzer, set the Time Stamp Clock Frequency [Hz] to the initially expected value:


Event Recorder heartbeat

The Event Recorder timer is a 32-bit counter that can overflow. To avoid overflow problems, send a "heartbeat" event within the limits of this 32-bit counter.

Calculation Example

Assuming that your application is running at 168 MHz, you can calculate the time between two heartbeats like the following:

2^32 / 168000000 Hz = 25.57 s

So you need to generate an event every 25 s. This can be an event with an event ID that you don't need and thus filter from the display in Event Recorder or an event that you use to check if your application is still running.

Event Annotations

To to stream dynamic event information, insert calls to the Event Data Recording functions on relevant code locations:

These Event Data Recording functions receive as first parameter an id event identifier used for filtering and displaying. The macro EventID may be used to compose id values to include level and component numbers.


#include "EventRecorder.h" // Keil::Compiler:Event Messaging
int some_error = 0; // error flag
char string[10] = "MyTest"; // some test string
void MyFunction (int parameter) {
EventRecord2 (1+EventLevelAPI, parameter, 0); // Event at Start
if (some_error) {
EventRecord2 (2+EventLevelError, 0, 0); // Event at Error
EventRecordData (3+EventLevelOp, string, sizeof(string)); // Event at Finish
int main (void) {
EventRecorderInitialize (EventRecordAll, 1); // initialize and start Event Recorder
MyFunction (0x10);
some_error = 1; // set error flag
MyFunction (0x60);

When executing this example in the ┬ÁVision debugger, use the menu command View - Analysis Windows - Event Recorder to open the Event Recorder window. This should show the following output:

Output shown in Event Recorder window

Format Event Information

You may create an *.SCVD (Software Component View Description) file to format the event output so that matches the application. The event output is created using the /component_viewer/events.

SCVD file example

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<component_viewer schemaVersion="0.1" xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xs:noNamespaceSchemaLocation="Component_Viewer.xsd">
<component name="MyExample" version="1.0.0"/> <!-- name and version of the component -->
<group name="My Events Group">
<component name="MyApp" brief="My Application" no="0x00" prefix="EvrNetMM_" info="Network - System - Dynamic Memory Management"/>
<event id="1" level="API" property="MyFunction" value="parameter=%x[val1]" info="Event on start of MyFunction" />
<event id="2" level="Error" property="MyFunctionError" info="Event on error in MyFunction" />
<event id="3" level="Op" property="MyFunctionProcess" value="string=%t[val1]" info="Event on operation in MyFunction" />

In the ┬ÁVision debugger, this *.SCVD file is specified in the dialog Options for Target -> Debug -> Manage Component Viewer Description Files. Click on Add Component Viewer Description File and add the related .SCVD file.

Manage *.SCVD files

The Event Recorder displays the events as shown below.

Event Recorder output formatted with *.SCVD file

The described groups and events also show up in the filter dialog.

Event Recorder Filter dialog

Software Component Variants

The software packs for MDK Middleware and CMSIS already contain SCVD files that match the related event annotations in the C source code. However, you need to select the right component Variant. For MDK Middleware, you need to select the Debug variants, whereas for Keil RTX5, you need to add the Source variant.

The example below enables event recording for the MDK-Middleware File System component:


Redirecting printf output

The Event Recorder can be used to retarget printf output. This is especially interesting for targets without ITM, such as Cortex-M0/M0+/M23. Steps to enable this:

  1. In the Manage Run-Time Environment window, set the component Compiler:I/O:STDOUT to use Variant EVR.
  2. Select the component Compiler:Event Recorder or use the Resolve button.
  3. In the user code, include EventRecorder.h and call the EventRecorderInitialize() function in main().

Refer to the example Retarget STDOUT via Event Recorder in "I/O Retargeting".

Event filtering

Filtering for events reduces the amount of data transmitted from the target to the debugger. To filter for events, use the button Configure Target Event Recording:


A new window opens up that lets you filter for events that you are interested in:

Filtering events