Calculates the variance of the elements in the input vector. The underlying algorithm used is the direct method sometimes referred to as the twopass method:
Result = sum(element  meanOfElements)^2) / numElement  1
meanOfElements = ( pSrc[0] * pSrc[0] + pSrc[1] * pSrc[1] + ... + pSrc[blockSize1] ) / blockSize
There are separate functions for floating point, Q31, and Q15 data types.
 Parameters

[in]  pSrc  points to the input vector 
[in]  blockSize  number of samples in input vector 
[out]  pResult  variance value returned here 
 Returns
 none
void arm_var_q15 
( 
const q15_t * 
pSrc, 


uint32_t 
blockSize, 


q15_t * 
pResult 

) 
 
 Parameters

[in]  pSrc  points to the input vector 
[in]  blockSize  number of samples in input vector 
[out]  pResult  variance value returned here 
 Returns
 none
 Scaling and Overflow Behavior
 The function is implemented using a 64bit internal accumulator. The input is represented in 1.15 format. Intermediate multiplication yields a 2.30 format, and this result is added without saturation to a 64bit accumulator in 34.30 format. With 33 guard bits in the accumulator, there is no risk of overflow, and the full precision of the intermediate multiplication is preserved. Finally, the 34.30 result is truncated to 34.15 format by discarding the lower 15 bits, and then saturated to yield a result in 1.15 format.
void arm_var_q31 
( 
const q31_t * 
pSrc, 


uint32_t 
blockSize, 


q31_t * 
pResult 

) 
 
 Parameters

[in]  pSrc  points to the input vector 
[in]  blockSize  number of samples in input vector 
[out]  pResult  variance value returned here 
 Returns
 none
 Scaling and Overflow Behavior
 The function is implemented using an internal 64bit accumulator. The input is represented in 1.31 format, which is then downshifted by 8 bits which yields 1.23, and intermediate multiplication yields a 2.46 format. The accumulator maintains full precision of the intermediate multiplication results, but provides only a 16 guard bits. There is no saturation on intermediate additions. If the accumulator overflows it wraps around and distorts the result. In order to avoid overflows completely the input signal must be scaled down by log2(blockSize)8 bits, as a total of blockSize additions are performed internally. After division, internal variables should be Q18.46 Finally, the 18.46 accumulator is right shifted by 15 bits to yield a 1.31 format value.