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C251 User's Guide

C251 Introduction Compiling Programs Language Extensions Preprocessor Advanced Programming Error Messages Library Reference Library Files Source Code Standard Types jmp_buf va_list Macros CBYTE CVAR CARRAY DARRAY DBYTE DVAR HARRAY HBYTE HVAR NARRAY NBYTE NVAR XARRAY XBYTE XVAR Routines by Category Buffer Manipulation Routines Character Routines Data Conversion Routines Intrinsic Routines Math Routines Memory Allocation Routines Stream I/O Routines String Routines Variable Length Argument Routines Miscellaneous Routines Include Files SFR Definitions absacc.h assert.h ctype.h float.h intrins.h limits.h math.h setjmp.h stdarg.h stddef.h stdio.h stdlib.h string.h Reference _chkdouble_ _chkfloat_ _crol_ _cror_ _getkey _irol_ _iror_ _lrol_ _lror_ _nop_ _testbit_ _tolower _toupper abs acos asin assert atan atan2 atof atoi atol cabs calloc ceil cos cosh exp fabs fcalloc ffree finit_mempool floor fmalloc fmemcpy fmemset frealloc free getchar gets hmemccpy hmemchr hmemcmp hmemcpy hmemmove hmemset hstrcmp hstrcpy hstrlen hstrncpy init_mempool isalnum isalpha iscntrl isdigit isgraph islower isprint ispunct isspace isupper isxdigit labs log log10 longjmp malloc memccpy memchr memcmp memcpy memmove memset modf offsetof pow printf putchar puts rand realloc scanf setjmp sin sinh sprintf sqrt srand sscanf strcat strchr strcmp strcpy strcspn strlen strncat strncmp strncpy strpbrk strpos strrchr strrpbrk strrpos strspn tan tanh toascii toint tolower toupper ungetchar va_arg va_end va_start vprintf vsprintf xcalloc xfree xinit_mempool xmalloc xmemcpy xmemset xrealloc Appendix

setjmp

Summary
#include <setjmp.h>

int setjmp (
  jmp_buf env);      /* current environment */
Description

The setjmp function saves the current state of the CPU in env. The state may be restored by a subsequent call to the longjmp function. When used together, the setjmp and longjmp functions provide you with a way to execute a non-local goto.

A call to the setjmp function saves the current instruction address as well as other CPU registers. A subsequent call to the longjmp function restores the instruction pointer and registers, and execution resumes at the point just after the setjmp call.

Local variables and function arguments are restored only if declared with the volatile attribute.

Return Value

The setjmp function returns a value of 0 when the current state of the CPU has been copied to env. A non-zero value indicates that the longjmp function was executed to return to the setjmp function call. In such a case, the return value is the value passed to the longjmp function.

See Also

longjmp

Example
#include <setjmp.h>
#include <stdio.h> /* for printf */

jmp_buf env; /* jump environment (must be global) */
bit error_flag;

void trigger (void) {
  .
  .
  .
  /* processing code here */
  .
  .
  .
  if (error_flag != 0) {
    longjmp (env, 1);   /* return 1 to setjmp */
  }
  .
  .
  .
}


void recover (void) {
  /* recovery code here */
}


void tst_longjmp (void) {
  .
  .
  .
  if (setjmp (env) != 0) {     /* setjmp returns a 0 */
    printf ("LONGJMP called\n");
    recover ();
  }

  else {
    printf ("SETJMP called\n");

    error_flag = 1;            /* force an error */

    trigger ();
  }
}
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