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Linker User Guide

Preface Overview of the Linker Linking Models Supported by armlink Image Structure and Generation Linker Optimization Features Getting Image Details Accessing and Managing Symbols with armlink Scatter-loading Features Scatter File Syntax Linker Command-line Options --any_contingency --any_placement=algorithm --any_sort_order=order --api, --no_api --arm_only --autoat, --no_autoat --be8 --be32 --bestdebug, --no_bestdebug --blx_arm_thumb, --no_blx_arm_thumb --blx_thumb_arm, --no_blx_thumb_arm --branchnop, --no_branchnop --callgraph, --no_callgraph --callgraph_file=filename --callgraph_output=fmt --callgraph_subset=symbol[,symbol,...] --cgfile=type --cgsymbol=type --cgundefined=type --comment_section, --no_comment_section --compress_debug, --no_compress_debug --cpp_compat linker option --cppinit, --no_cppinit --cpu=list --cpu=name --crosser_veneershare, --no_crosser_veneershare --datacompressor=opt --debug, --no_debug --diag_error=tag[,tag,…] --diag_remark=tag[,tag,…] --diag_style=arm|ide|gnu --diag_suppress=tag[,tag,…] --diag_warning=tag[,tag,…] --eager_load_debug, --no_eager_load_debug --edit=file_list --emit_debug_overlay_relocs --emit_debug_overlay_section --emit_non_debug_relocs --emit_relocs --entry=location --errors=filename --exceptions, --no_exceptions --feedback=filename --feedback_image=option --feedback_type=type --filtercomment, --no_filtercomment --fini=symbol --first=section_id --force_explicit_attr --fpu=list --fpu=name --help --info=topic[,topic,…] --info_lib_prefix=opt --init=symbol --inline, --no_inline --inline_type=type --inlineveneer, --no_inlineveneer input-file-list --keep=section_id --largeregions, --no_largeregions --last=section_id --ldpartial --legacyalign, --no_legacyalign --libpath=pathlist --library_type=lib --liclinger=seconds --list=filename --list_mapping_symbols, --no_list_mapping_symbols --load_addr_map_info, --no_load_addr_map_info --locals, --no_locals --mangled, --unmangled --map, --no_map --match=crossmangled --max_er_extension=size --max_veneer_passes=value --max_visibility=type --merge, --no_merge --muldefweak, --no_muldefweak -o filename, --output=filename --output_float_abi=option --override_visibility --pad=num --paged --pagesize=pagesize --partial --piveneer, --no_piveneer --predefine="string" --reduce_paths, --no_reduce_paths --ref_cpp_init, --no_ref_cpp_init --reloc --remarks --remove, --no_remove --ro_base=address --ropi --rosplit --rw_base=address --rwpi --scanlib, --no_scanlib --scatter=filename --section_index_display=type --show_cmdline --show_full_path --show_parent_lib --show_sec_idx --sort=algorithm --split --startup=symbol, --no_startup --strict --strict_enum_size, --no_strict_enum_size --strict_flags, --no_strict_flags --strict_ph, --no_strict_ph --strict_relocations, --no_strict_relocations --strict_symbols, --no_strict_symbols --strict_visibility, --no_strict_visibility --strict_wchar_size, --no_strict_wchar_size --symbols, --no_symbols --symdefs=filename --tailreorder, --no_tailreorder --thumb2_library, --no_thumb2_library --tiebreaker=option --unaligned_access, --no_unaligned_access --undefined=symbol --undefined_and_export=symbol --unresolved=symbol --use_definition_visibility --userlibpath=pathlist --veneerinject, --no_veneerinject --veneer_inject_type=type --veneer_pool_size=size --veneershare, --no_veneershare --verbose --version_number --vfemode=mode --via=filename --vsn --xo_base=address --xref, --no_xref --xrefdbg, --no_xrefdbg --xref{from|to}=object(section) --zi_base=address Linker Steering File Command Reference Via File Syntax

--largeregions, --no_largeregions

9.61 --largeregions, --no_largeregions

Controls the sorting order of sections in large execution regions to minimize the distance between sections that call each other.

Usage

If the execution region contains more code than the range of a branch instruction then the linker switches to large region mode. In this mode the linker sorts according to the approximated average call depth of each section in ascending order. The linker might also distribute veneers amongst the code sections to minimize the number of veneers.

Note

Large region mode can result in large changes to the layout of an image even when small changes are made to the input.
To disable large region mode and revert to lexical order, use --no_largeregions. Section placement is then predictable and image comparisons are more predictable. The linker automatically switches on --veneerinject if it is needed for a branch to reach the veneer.
Large region support enables:
  • Average call depth sorting, --sort=AvgCallDepth.
  • API sorting, --api.
  • Veneer injection, --veneerinject.
The following command lines are equivalent:
armlink --largeregions --no_api --no_veneerinject --sort=Lexical
armlink --no_largeregions

Default

The default is --no_largeregions. The linker automatically switches to --largeregions if at least one execution region contains more code than the smallest inter-section branch. The smallest inter-section branch depends on the code in the region and the target processor:
32MB
Execution region contains only ARM instructions.
16MB
Execution region contains Thumb instructions and the processor supports Thumb-2 technology.
4MB
Execution region contains Thumb instructions and the processor does not support Thumb-2 technology.
Non-ConfidentialPDF file icon PDF versionARM DUI0377H
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