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Linker User Guide

Preface Overview of the Linker Linking Models Supported by armlink Image Structure and Generation Linker Optimization Features Getting Image Details Accessing and Managing Symbols with armlink Scatter-loading Features The scatter-loading mechanism Overview of scatter-loading When to use scatter-loading Linker-defined symbols that are not defined when s Specifying stack and heap using the scatter file Scatter-loading command-line options Scatter-loading images with a simple memory map Scatter-loading images with a complex memory map Scatter file with link to bit-band objects Root execution regions Root execution region and the initial entry point Root execution regions and the ABSOLUTE attribute Root execution regions and the FIXED attribute Methods of placing functions and data at specific Placement of code and data with __attribute__((sec Placement of __at sections at a specific address Restrictions on placing __at sections Automatic placement of __at sections Manual placement of __at sections Placement of a key in flash memory with an __at se Mapping a structure over a peripheral register wit Example of how to explicitly place a named section Placement of unassigned sections with the .ANY mod Placement rules when using multiple .ANY selectors Command-line options for controlling the placement Prioritization of .ANY sections Specify the maximum region size permitted for plac Examples of using placement algorithms for .ANY se Example of next_fit algorithm showing behavior of Examples of using sorting algorithms for .ANY sect Behavior when .ANY sections overflow because of li Placement of veneer input sections in a scatter fi Placement of sections with overlays Reserving an empty region Placement of ARM C and C++ library code Specifying ARM standard C and C++ libraries in a s Example of placing code in a root region Example of placing ARM C library code Example of placing ARM C++ library code Example of placing ARM library helper functions Creation of regions on page boundaries Overalignment of execution regions and input secti Preprocessing of a scatter file Example of using expression evaluation in a scatte Equivalent scatter-loading descriptions for simple Command-line options for creating simple images Type 1 image, one load region and contiguous execu Type 2 image, one load region and non-contiguous e Type 3 image, multiple load regions and non-contig How the linker resolves multiple matches when proc How the linker resolves path names when processing Scatter file to ELF mapping Scatter File Syntax Linker Command-line Options Linker Steering File Command Reference Via File Syntax

Scatter-loading images with a simple memory map

7.1.6 Scatter-loading images with a simple memory map

For images with a simple memory map, you can specify the memory map using only linker command-line options, or with a scatter file.

The following figure shows a simple memory map:
Figure 7-1 Simple scatter-loaded memory map
Simple scatter-loaded memory map

The following example shows the corresponding scatter-loading description that loads the segments from the object file into memory:
LOAD_ROM 0x0000 0x8000       ; Name of load region (LOAD_ROM),
                             ; Start address for load region (0x0000),
                             ; Maximum size of load region (0x8000)
{
    EXEC_ROM 0x0000 0x8000   ; Name of first exec region (EXEC_ROM),
                             ; Start address for exec region (0x0000),
                             ; Maximum size of first exec region (0x8000)
    {
        * (+RO)              ; Place all code and RO data into
                             ; this exec region
    }
    SRAM 0x10000 0x6000      ; Name of second exec region (SRAM),
                             ; Start address of second exec region (0x10000),
                             ; Maximum size of second exec region (0x6000)
    {
        * (+RW, +ZI)         ; Place all RW and ZI data into
                             ; this exec region
    }
}
The maximum size specifications for the regions are optional. However, if you include them, they enable the linker to check that a region does not overflow its boundary.
Apart from the limit checking, you can achieve the same result with the following linker command-line:
armlink --ro_base 0x0 --rw_base 0x10000
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