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Libraries and Floating Point Support Guide

Preface The ARM C and C++ Libraries Mandatory linkage with the C library C and C++ runtime libraries Summary of the C and C++ runtime libraries Compliance with the Application Binary Interface ( Increasing portability of object files to other CL ARM C and C++ library directory structure Selection of ARM C and C++ library variants based Thumb C libraries C and C++ library features C++ and C libraries and the std namespace Multithreaded support in ARM C libraries ARM C libraries and multithreading ARM C libraries and reentrant functions ARM C libraries and thread-safe functions Use of static data in the C libraries Use of the __user_libspace static data area by the C library functions to access subsections of the _ Re-implementation of legacy function __user_libspa Management of locks in multithreaded applications How to ensure re-implemented mutex functions are c Using the ARM C library in a multithreaded environ Thread safety in the ARM C library Thread safety in the ARM C++ library The floating-point status word in a multithreaded Support for building an application with the C lib Using the C library with an application Using the C and C++ libraries with an application Using $Sub$$ to mix semihosted and nonsemihosted I Using the libraries in a nonsemihosting environmen C++ exceptions in a non-semihosting environment Direct semihosting C library function dependencies Indirect semihosting C library function dependenci C library API definitions for targeting a differen Support for building an application without the C Building an application without the C library Creating an application as bare machine C without Integer and floating-point compiler functions and Bare machine integer C Bare machine C with floating-point processing Customized C library startup code and access to C Using low-level functions when exploiting the C li Using high-level functions when exploiting the C l Using malloc() when exploiting the C library Tailoring the C library to a new execution environ Initialization of the execution environment and ex C++ initialization, construction and destruction Exceptions system initialization Emergency buffer memory for exceptions Library functions called from main() Program exit and the assert macro Assembler macros that tailor locale functions in t Link time selection of the locale subsystem in the Runtime selection of the locale subsystem in the C Definition of locale data blocks in the C library LC_CTYPE data block LC_COLLATE data block LC_MONETARY data block LC_NUMERIC data block LC_TIME data block Modification of C library functions for error sign Stack and heap memory allocation and the ARM C and Library heap usage requirements of the ARM C and C Choosing a heap implementation for memory allocati Stack pointer initialization and heap bounds Legacy support for __user_initial_stackheap() Avoiding the heap and heap-using library functions Tailoring input/output functions in the C and C++ Target dependencies on low-level functions in the The C library printf family of functions The C library scanf family of functions Redefining low-level library functions to enable d The C library functions fread(), fgets() and gets( Re-implementing __backspace() in the C library Re-implementing __backspacewc() in the C library Redefining target-dependent system I/O functions i Tailoring non-input/output C library functions Real-time integer division in the ARM libraries ISO C library implementation definition How the ARM C library fulfills ISO C specification mathlib error handling ISO-compliant implementation of signals supported ISO-compliant C library input/output characteristi Standard C++ library implementation definition C library functions and extensions Compiler generated and library-resident helper fun C and C++ library naming conventions Using macro__ARM_WCHAR_NO_IO to disable FILE decla Using library functions with execute-only memory The ARM C Micro-library Floating-point Support The C and C++ Library Functions reference Floating-point Support Functions Reference

Using the libraries in a nonsemihosting environment

1.6.4 Using the libraries in a nonsemihosting environment

Some C library functions use semihosting. If you use the libraries in a nonsemihosting environment, you must ensure that semihosting function calls are dealt with appropriately.

If you do not want to use semihosting, either:
  • Remove all calls to semihosting functions.
  • Re-implement the lower-level functions, for example, fputc(). You are not required to re-implement all semihosting functions. You must, however, re-implement the functions you are using in your application.
    You must re-implement functions that the C library uses to isolate itself from target dependencies. For example, if you use printf() you must re-implement fputc(). If you do not use the higher-level input/output functions like printf(), you do not have to re-implement the lower-level functions like fputc().
  • Implement a handler for all of the semihosting calls to be handled in your own specific way. One such example is for the handler to intercept the calls, redirecting them to your own nonsemihosted, that is, target-specific, functions.
To guarantee that no functions using semihosting are included in your application, use either:
  • IMPORT __use_no_semihosting from armasm assembly language.
  • #pragma import(__use_no_semihosting) from C.

Note

IMPORT __use_no_semihosting is only required to be added to a single assembly source file. Similarly, #pragma import(__use_no_semihosting) is only required to be added to a single C source file. It is unnecessary to add these inserts to every single source file.
If you include a library function that uses semihosting and also reference __use_no_semihosting, the library detects the conflicting symbols and the linker reports an error. To determine which objects are using semihosting:
  1. Link with armlink --verbose --list err.txt
  2. Search err.txt for occurrences of __I$use$semihosting
    For example:
    ...
    Loading member sys_exit.o from c_2.l.
    reference : __I$use$semihosting
    definition: _sys_exit
    ...
    This shows that the semihosting-using function _sys_exit is linked-in from the C library. To prevent this, you must provide your own implementation of this function.
There are no target-dependent functions in the C++ library, although some C++ functions use underlying C library functions that are target-dependent.
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