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Libraries and Floating Point Support Guide

Preface The ARM C and C++ Libraries Mandatory linkage with the C library C and C++ runtime libraries Summary of the C and C++ runtime libraries Compliance with the Application Binary Interface ( Increasing portability of object files to other CL ARM C and C++ library directory structure Selection of ARM C and C++ library variants based Thumb C libraries C and C++ library features C++ and C libraries and the std namespace Multithreaded support in ARM C libraries ARM C libraries and multithreading ARM C libraries and reentrant functions ARM C libraries and thread-safe functions Use of static data in the C libraries Use of the __user_libspace static data area by the C library functions to access subsections of the _ Re-implementation of legacy function __user_libspa Management of locks in multithreaded applications How to ensure re-implemented mutex functions are c Using the ARM C library in a multithreaded environ Thread safety in the ARM C library Thread safety in the ARM C++ library The floating-point status word in a multithreaded Support for building an application with the C lib Using the C library with an application Using the C and C++ libraries with an application Using $Sub$$ to mix semihosted and nonsemihosted I Using the libraries in a nonsemihosting environmen C++ exceptions in a non-semihosting environment Direct semihosting C library function dependencies Indirect semihosting C library function dependenci C library API definitions for targeting a differen Support for building an application without the C Building an application without the C library Creating an application as bare machine C without Integer and floating-point compiler functions and Bare machine integer C Bare machine C with floating-point processing Customized C library startup code and access to C Using low-level functions when exploiting the C li Using high-level functions when exploiting the C l Using malloc() when exploiting the C library Tailoring the C library to a new execution environ Initialization of the execution environment and ex C++ initialization, construction and destruction Exceptions system initialization Emergency buffer memory for exceptions Library functions called from main() Program exit and the assert macro Assembler macros that tailor locale functions in t Link time selection of the locale subsystem in the Runtime selection of the locale subsystem in the C Definition of locale data blocks in the C library LC_CTYPE data block LC_COLLATE data block LC_MONETARY data block LC_NUMERIC data block LC_TIME data block Modification of C library functions for error sign Stack and heap memory allocation and the ARM C and Library heap usage requirements of the ARM C and C Choosing a heap implementation for memory allocati Stack pointer initialization and heap bounds Legacy support for __user_initial_stackheap() Avoiding the heap and heap-using library functions Tailoring input/output functions in the C and C++ Target dependencies on low-level functions in the The C library printf family of functions The C library scanf family of functions Redefining low-level library functions to enable d The C library functions fread(), fgets() and gets( Re-implementing __backspace() in the C library Re-implementing __backspacewc() in the C library Redefining target-dependent system I/O functions i Tailoring non-input/output C library functions Real-time integer division in the ARM libraries ISO C library implementation definition How the ARM C library fulfills ISO C specification mathlib error handling ISO-compliant implementation of signals supported ISO-compliant C library input/output characteristi Standard C++ library implementation definition C library functions and extensions Compiler generated and library-resident helper fun C and C++ library naming conventions Using macro__ARM_WCHAR_NO_IO to disable FILE decla Using library functions with execute-only memory The ARM C Micro-library Floating-point Support The C and C++ Library Functions reference Floating-point Support Functions Reference

Using the ARM C library in a multithreaded environment

1.5.10 Using the ARM C library in a multithreaded environment

There are a number of requirements you must fulfill before you can use the ARM® C library in a multithreaded environment.

To use the ARM C library in a multithreaded environment, you must provide:
  • An implementation of __user_perthread_libspace() that returns a different block of memory for each thread. This can be achieved by either:
    • Returning a different address depending on the thread it is called from.
    • Having a single __user_perthread_libspace block at a fixed address and swapping its contents when switching threads.
    You can use either approach to suit your environment.
    You do not have to re-implement __user_perproc_libspace() unless there is a specific reason to do so. In the majority of cases, there is no requirement to re-implement this function.
  • A way to manage multiple stacks.
    A simple way to do this is to use the ARM two-region memory model. Using this means that you keep the stack that belongs to the primary thread entirely separate from the heap. Then you must allocate more memory for additional stacks from the heap itself.
  • Thread management functions, for example, to create or destroy threads, to handle thread synchronization, and to retrieve exit codes.

    Note

    The ARM C libraries supply no thread management functions of their own so you must supply any that are required.
  • A thread-switching mechanism.

    Note

    The ARM C libraries supply no thread-switching mechanisms of their own. This is because there are many different ways to do this and the libraries are designed to work with all of them.
You only have to provide implementations of the mutex functions if you require them to be called.
In some applications, the mutex functions might not be useful. For example, a co-operatively threaded program does not have to take steps to ensure data integrity, provided it avoids calling its yield function during a critical section. However, in other types of application, for example where you are implementing preemptive scheduling, or in a Symmetric Multi-Processor (SMP) model, these functions play an important part in handling locks.
If all of these requirements are met, you can use the ARM C library in your multithreaded environment. The following behavior applies:
  • Some functions work independently in each thread.
  • Some functions automatically use the mutex functions to mediate multiple accesses to a shared resource.
  • Some functions are still nonreentrant so a reentrant equivalent is supplied.
  • A few functions remain nonreentrant and no alternative is available.
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