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Compiler Reference Guide

Preface Arm Compiler Tools Overview armclang Reference armclang Command-line Options Summary of armclang command-line options -C (armclang) -c (armclang) -D -E -e -fbare-metal-pie -fbracket-depth=N -fcommon, -fno-common -fdata-sections, -fno-data-sections -ffast-math, -fno-fast-math -ffixed-rN -ffp-mode -ffunction-sections, -fno-function-sections -fident, -fno-ident @file -fldm-stm, -fno-ldm-stm -fno-builtin -fno-inline-functions -flto, -fno-lto -fexceptions, -fno-exceptions -fomit-frame-pointer, -fno-omit-frame-pointer -fpic, -fno-pic -fropi, -fno-ropi -fropi-lowering, -fno-ropi-lowering -frwpi, -fno-rwpi -frwpi-lowering, -fno-rwpi-lowering -fsanitize -fshort-enums, -fno-short-enums -fshort-wchar, -fno-short-wchar -fstack-protector, -fstack-protector-all, -fstack- -fstrict-aliasing, -fno-strict-aliasing -fsysv, -fno-sysv -ftrapv -fvectorize, -fno-vectorize -fvisibility -fwrapv -g, -gdwarf-2, -gdwarf-3, -gdwarf-4 (armclang) -I -include -L -l -M, -MM -MD, -MMD -MF -MG -MP -MT -march -marm -masm -mbig-endian -mbranch-protection -mcmodel -mcmse -mcpu -mexecute-only -mfloat-abi -mfpu -mimplicit-it -mlittle-endian -mno-neg-immediates -moutline, -mno-outline -mpixolib -munaligned-access, -mno-unaligned-access -mthumb -nostdlib -nostdlibinc -o (armclang) -O (armclang) -pedantic -pedantic-errors -Rpass -S -save-temps -shared (armclang) -std --target -U -u (armclang) -v (armclang) --version (armclang) --version_number (armclang) --vsn (armclang) -W -Wl -Xlinker -x (armclang) -### Compiler-specific Keywords and Operators Compiler-specific keywords and operators __alignof__ __asm __declspec attributes __declspec(noinline) __declspec(noreturn) __declspec(nothrow) __inline __promise __unaligned Global named register variables Compiler-specific Function, Variable, and Type Att Function attributes __attribute__((always_inline)) function attribute __attribute__((cmse_nonsecure_call)) function attr __attribute__((cmse_nonsecure_entry)) function att __attribute__((const)) function attribute __attribute__((constructor(priority))) function at __attribute__((format_arg(string-index))) function __attribute__((interrupt("type"))) function attrib __attribute__((malloc)) function attribute __attribute__((naked)) function attribute __attribute__((noinline)) function attribute __attribute__((nonnull)) function attribute __attribute__((noreturn)) function attribute __attribute__((nothrow)) function attribute __attribute__((pcs("calling_convention"))) functio __attribute__((pure)) function attribute __attribute__((section("name"))) function attribut __attribute__((unused)) function attribute __attribute__((used)) function attribute __attribute__((value_in_regs)) function attribute __attribute__((visibility("visibility_type"))) fun __attribute__((weak)) function attribute __attribute__((weakref("target"))) function attrib Type attributes __attribute__((aligned)) type attribute __attribute__((packed)) type attribute __attribute__((transparent_union)) type attribute Variable attributes __attribute__((alias)) variable attribute __attribute__((aligned)) variable attribute __attribute__((deprecated)) variable attribute __attribute__((packed)) variable attribute __attribute__((section("name"))) variable attribut __attribute__((unused)) variable attribute __attribute__((used)) variable attribute __attribute__((visibility("visibility_type"))) var __attribute__((weak)) variable attribute __attribute__((weakref("target"))) variable attrib Compiler-specific Intrinsics __breakpoint intrinsic __current_pc intrinsic __current_sp intrinsic __disable_fiq intrinsic __disable_irq intrinsic __enable_fiq intrinsic __enable_irq intrinsic __force_stores intrinsic __memory_changed intrinsic __schedule_barrier intrinsic __semihost intrinsic __vfp_status intrinsic Compiler-specific Pragmas #pragma clang system_header #pragma clang diagnostic #pragma clang section #pragma once #pragma pack(...) #pragma unroll[(n)], #pragma unroll_completely #pragma weak symbol, #pragma weak symbol1 = symbol Other Compiler-specific Features ACLE support Predefined macros Inline functions Half-precision floating-point data types Half-precision floating-point number format Half-precision floating-point intrinsics Library support for _Float16 data type BFloat16 floating-point number format TT instruction intrinsics Non-secure function pointer intrinsics armclang Integrated Assembler Syntax of assembly files for integrated assembler Assembly expressions Alignment directives Data definition directives String definition directives Floating-point data definition directives Section directives Conditional assembly directives Macro directives Symbol binding directives Org directive AArch32 Target selection directives AArch64 Target selection directives Space-filling directives Type directive Integrated assembler support for the CSDB instruct armclang Inline Assembler Inline Assembly File-scope inline assembly Inline assembly statements within a function Assembly string Output and input operands Clobber list volatile Inline assembly constraint strings Constraint modifiers Constraint codes Constraint codes common to AArch32 state and AArch Constraint codes for AArch32 state Constraint codes for AArch64 state Using multiple alternative operand constraints Inline assembly template modifiers Template modifiers common to AArch32 state and AAr Template modifiers for AArch32 state Template modifiers for AArch64 state Forcing inline assembly operands into specific reg Symbol references and branches into and out of inl Duplication of labels in inline assembly statement armlink Reference fromelf Reference armar Reference armasm Legacy Assembler Reference Appendixes

Clobber list

B8.3.3 Clobber list

The clobber list is a comma-separated list of strings. Each string is the name of a register that the assembly code potentially modifies, but for which the final value is not important. To prevent the compiler from using a register for a template string in an inline assembly string, add the register to the clobber list.

For example, if a register holds a temporary value, include it in the clobber list. The compiler avoids using a register in this list as an input or output operand, or using it to store another value when the assembly code is executed.

In addition to register names, you can use two special names in the clobber list:

"memory"
This string tells the compiler that the assembly code might modify any memory, not just variables that are included in the output constraints.
"cc"
This string tells the compiler that the assembly code might modify any of the condition flags N, Z, C, or V. In AArch64 state, these condition flags are in the NZCV register. In AArch32 state, these condition flags are in the CPSR register.

Example

void enable_aarch64() {
	// Set bit 10 of SCR_EL3, to enale AArch64 at EL2.
	__asm volatile(R"(
		  mrs x0, SCR_EL3
		  orr x0, x0, #(1<<10)
		  msr SCR_EL3, x0
		  )" : /* no outputs */ : /* no inputs */
		  // We used x0 as a temporary register, so we need to mark it as
		  // clobbered, to prevent the compiler from storing a value in it.
		: "x0");
}
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