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Preface Arm Compiler Tools Overview armclang Reference armclang Command-line Options Summary of armclang command-line options -C (armclang) -c (armclang) -D -E -e -fbare-metal-pie -fbracket-depth=N -fcommon, -fno-common -fdata-sections, -fno-data-sections -ffast-math, -fno-fast-math -ffixed-rN -ffp-mode -ffunction-sections, -fno-function-sections -fident, -fno-ident @file -fldm-stm, -fno-ldm-stm -fno-builtin -fno-inline-functions -flto, -fno-lto -fexceptions, -fno-exceptions -fomit-frame-pointer, -fno-omit-frame-pointer -fpic, -fno-pic -fropi, -fno-ropi -fropi-lowering, -fno-ropi-lowering -frwpi, -fno-rwpi -frwpi-lowering, -fno-rwpi-lowering -fsanitize -fshort-enums, -fno-short-enums -fshort-wchar, -fno-short-wchar -fstack-protector, -fstack-protector-all, -fstack- -fstrict-aliasing, -fno-strict-aliasing -fsysv, -fno-sysv -ftrapv -fvectorize, -fno-vectorize -fvisibility -fwrapv -g, -gdwarf-2, -gdwarf-3, -gdwarf-4 (armclang) -I -include -L -l -M, -MM -MD, -MMD -MF -MG -MP -MT -march -marm -masm -mbig-endian -mbranch-protection -mcmodel -mcmse -mcpu -mexecute-only -mfloat-abi -mfpu -mimplicit-it -mlittle-endian -mno-neg-immediates -moutline, -mno-outline -mpixolib -munaligned-access, -mno-unaligned-access -mthumb -nostdlib -nostdlibinc -o (armclang) -O (armclang) -pedantic -pedantic-errors -Rpass -S -save-temps -shared (armclang) -std --target -U -u (armclang) -v (armclang) --version (armclang) --version_number (armclang) --vsn (armclang) -W -Wl -Xlinker -x (armclang) -### Compiler-specific Keywords and Operators Compiler-specific keywords and operators __alignof__ __asm __declspec attributes __declspec(noinline) __declspec(noreturn) __declspec(nothrow) __inline __promise __unaligned Global named register variables Compiler-specific Function, Variable, and Type Att Function attributes __attribute__((always_inline)) function attribute __attribute__((cmse_nonsecure_call)) function attr __attribute__((cmse_nonsecure_entry)) function att __attribute__((const)) function attribute __attribute__((constructor(priority))) function at __attribute__((format_arg(string-index))) function __attribute__((interrupt("type"))) function attrib __attribute__((malloc)) function attribute __attribute__((naked)) function attribute __attribute__((noinline)) function attribute __attribute__((nonnull)) function attribute __attribute__((noreturn)) function attribute __attribute__((nothrow)) function attribute __attribute__((pcs("calling_convention"))) functio __attribute__((pure)) function attribute __attribute__((section("name"))) function attribut __attribute__((unused)) function attribute __attribute__((used)) function attribute __attribute__((value_in_regs)) function attribute __attribute__((visibility("visibility_type"))) fun __attribute__((weak)) function attribute __attribute__((weakref("target"))) function attrib Type attributes __attribute__((aligned)) type attribute __attribute__((packed)) type attribute __attribute__((transparent_union)) type attribute Variable attributes __attribute__((alias)) variable attribute __attribute__((aligned)) variable attribute __attribute__((deprecated)) variable attribute __attribute__((packed)) variable attribute __attribute__((section("name"))) variable attribut __attribute__((unused)) variable attribute __attribute__((used)) variable attribute __attribute__((visibility("visibility_type"))) var __attribute__((weak)) variable attribute __attribute__((weakref("target"))) variable attrib Compiler-specific Intrinsics __breakpoint intrinsic __current_pc intrinsic __current_sp intrinsic __disable_fiq intrinsic __disable_irq intrinsic __enable_fiq intrinsic __enable_irq intrinsic __force_stores intrinsic __memory_changed intrinsic __schedule_barrier intrinsic __semihost intrinsic __vfp_status intrinsic Compiler-specific Pragmas #pragma clang system_header #pragma clang diagnostic #pragma clang section #pragma once #pragma pack(...) #pragma unroll[(n)], #pragma unroll_completely #pragma weak symbol, #pragma weak symbol1 = symbol Other Compiler-specific Features ACLE support Predefined macros Inline functions Half-precision floating-point data types Half-precision floating-point number format Half-precision floating-point intrinsics Library support for _Float16 data type BFloat16 floating-point number format TT instruction intrinsics Non-secure function pointer intrinsics armclang Integrated Assembler Syntax of assembly files for integrated assembler Assembly expressions Alignment directives Data definition directives String definition directives Floating-point data definition directives Section directives Conditional assembly directives Macro directives Symbol binding directives Org directive AArch32 Target selection directives AArch64 Target selection directives Space-filling directives Type directive Integrated assembler support for the CSDB instruct armclang Inline Assembler Inline Assembly File-scope inline assembly Inline assembly statements within a function Assembly string Output and input operands Clobber list volatile Inline assembly constraint strings Constraint modifiers Constraint codes Constraint codes common to AArch32 state and AArch Constraint codes for AArch32 state Constraint codes for AArch64 state Using multiple alternative operand constraints Inline assembly template modifiers Template modifiers common to AArch32 state and AAr Template modifiers for AArch32 state Template modifiers for AArch64 state Forcing inline assembly operands into specific reg Symbol references and branches into and out of inl Duplication of labels in inline assembly statement armlink Reference fromelf Reference armar Reference armasm Legacy Assembler Reference Appendixes

__semihost intrinsic

B4.11 __semihost intrinsic

This intrinsic inserts an SVC or BKPT instruction into the instruction stream generated by the compiler. It enables you to make semihosting calls from C or C++ that are independent of the target architecture.

To use this intrinsic, your source file must contain #include <arm_compat.h>. This is only available for targets in AArch32 state.

Syntax

int __semihost(int val, const void *ptr)

Where:

val
Is the request code for the semihosting request.
ptr
Is a pointer to an argument/result block.

Return value

The results of semihosting calls are passed either as an explicit return value or as a pointer to a data block.

Usage

Use this intrinsic from C or C++ to generate the appropriate semihosting call for your target and instruction set:

Note:

The HLT instruction is architecturally UNDEFINED for Arm®v7‑A and Armv7‑R architectures, in both A32 and T32 state.
SVC 0x123456
In A32 state, excluding M-profile architectures.
SVC 0xAB
In T32 state, excluding M-profile architectures. This behavior is not guaranteed on all debug targets from Arm or from third parties.
HLT 0xF000
In A32 state, excluding M-profile architectures.
HLT 0x3C
In T32 state, excluding M-profile architectures.
BKPT 0xAB
For M-profile architectures (T32 only).

Implementation

For Arm processors that are not Cortex®‑M profile, semihosting is implemented using the SVC or HLT instruction. For Cortex‑M profile processors, semihosting is implemented using the BKPT instruction.

To use HLT-based semihosting, you must define the pre-processor macro __USE_HLT_SEMIHOSTING before #include <arm_compat.h>. By default, Arm Compiler emits SVC instructions rather than HLT instructions for semihosting calls. If you define this macro, __USE_HLT_SEMIHOSTING, then Arm Compiler emits HLT instructions rather than SVC instructions for semihosting calls.

The presence of this macro, __USE_HLT_SEMIHOSTING, does not affect the M-profile architectures that still use BKPT for semihosting.

Example

char buffer[100];
...
void foo(void)
{
    __semihost(0x01, (const void *)buffer);
}

Compiling this code with the option -mthumb shows the generated SVC instruction:

foo:
    ...
    MOVW     r0, :lower16:buffer
    MOVT     r0, :upper16:buffer
    ... 
    SVC      #0xab
    ...

buffer:
    .zero    100
    .size    buffer, 100
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