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Preface Overview of the Compiler Getting Started with the Compiler Compiler Features Compiler Coding Practices Compiler Diagnostic Messages Using the Inline and Embedded Assemblers of the AR Compiler Command-line Options Language Extensions Compiler-specific Features Keywords and operators __align __ALIGNOF__ __alignof__ __asm __forceinline __global_reg __inline __int64 __INTADDR__ __irq __packed __pure __smc __softfp __svc __svc_indirect __svc_indirect_r7 __value_in_regs __weak __writeonly __declspec attributes __declspec(noinline) __declspec(noreturn) __declspec(nothrow) __declspec(notshared) __declspec(thread) Function attributes __attribute__((alias)) function attribute __attribute__((always_inline)) function attribute __attribute__((const)) function attribute __attribute__((deprecated)) function attribute __attribute__((destructor[(priority)])) function a __attribute__((format)) function attribute __attribute__((format_arg(string-index))) function __attribute__((malloc)) function attribute __attribute__((noinline)) function attribute __attribute__((no_instrument_function)) function a __attribute__((nomerge)) function attribute __attribute__((nonnull)) function attribute __attribute__((noreturn)) function attribute __attribute__((notailcall)) function attribute __attribute__((nothrow)) function attribute __attribute__((pcs("calling_convention"))) functio __attribute__((pure)) function attribute __attribute__((section("name"))) function attribut __attribute__((sentinel)) function attribute __attribute__((unused)) function attribute __attribute__((used)) function attribute __attribute__((visibility("visibility_type"))) fun __attribute__((warn_unused_result)) __attribute__((weak)) function attribute __attribute__((weakref("target"))) function attrib Type attributes __attribute__((bitband)) type attribute __attribute__((aligned)) type attribute __attribute__((packed)) type attribute Variable attributes __attribute__((alias)) variable attribute __attribute__((at(address))) variable attribute __attribute__((aligned)) variable attribute __attribute__((deprecated)) variable attribute __attribute__((noinline)) constant variable attrib __attribute__((packed)) variable attribute __attribute__((section("name"))) variable attribut __attribute__((unused)) variable attribute __attribute__((used)) variable attribute __attribute__((visibility("visibility_type"))) var __attribute__((weak)) variable attribute __attribute__((weakref("target"))) variable attrib __attribute__((zero_init)) variable attribute Pragmas #pragma anon_unions, #pragma no_anon_unions #pragma arm #pragma arm section [section_type_list] #pragma diag_default tag[,tag,...] #pragma diag_error tag[,tag,...] #pragma diag_remark tag[,tag,...] #pragma diag_suppress tag[,tag,...] #pragma diag_warning tag[, tag, ...] #pragma exceptions_unwind, #pragma no_exceptions_u #pragma GCC system_header #pragma hdrstop #pragma import symbol_name #pragma import(__use_full_stdio) #pragma import(__use_smaller_memcpy) #pragma inline, #pragma no_inline #pragma no_pch #pragma Onum #pragma once #pragma Ospace #pragma Otime #pragma pack(n) #pragma pop #pragma push #pragma softfp_linkage, #pragma no_softfp_linkage #pragma thumb #pragma unroll [(n)] #pragma unroll_completely #pragma weak symbol, #pragma weak symbol1 = symbol Instruction intrinsics __breakpoint intrinsic __cdp intrinsic __clrex intrinsic __clz intrinsic __current_pc intrinsic __current_sp intrinsic __disable_fiq intrinsic __disable_irq intrinsic __dmb intrinsic __dsb intrinsic __enable_fiq intrinsic __enable_irq intrinsic __fabs intrinsic __fabsf intrinsic __force_loads intrinsic __force_stores intrinsic __isb intrinsic __ldrex intrinsic __ldrexd intrinsic __ldrt intrinsic __memory_changed intrinsic __nop intrinsic __pld intrinsic __pli intrinsic __qadd intrinsic __qdbl intrinsic __qsub intrinsic __rbit intrinsic __rev intrinsic __return_address intrinsic __ror intrinsic __schedule_barrier intrinsic __semihost intrinsic __sev intrinsic __sqrt intrinsic __sqrtf intrinsic __ssat intrinsic __strex intrinsic __strexd intrinsic __strt intrinsic __swp intrinsic __usat intrinsic __wfe intrinsic __wfi intrinsic __yield intrinsic ARMv6 SIMD intrinsics ETSI basic operations C55x intrinsics VFP status intrinsic __vfp_status intrinsic Fused Multiply Add (FMA) intrinsics Named register variables GNU built-in functions Predefined macros Built-in function name variables C and C++ Implementation Details What is Semihosting? Via File Syntax Summary Table of GNU Language Extensions Standard C Implementation Definition Standard C++ Implementation Definition C and C++ Compiler Implementation Limits

__attribute__((bitband)) type attribute

9.55 __attribute__((bitband)) type attribute

__attribute__((bitband)) is a type attribute that gives you efficient atomic access to single-bit values in SRAM and Peripheral regions of the memory architecture.

It is possible to set or clear a single bit directly with a single memory access in certain memory regions, rather than having to use the traditional read, modify, write approach. It is also possible to read a single bit directly rather than having to use the traditional read then shift and mask operation.
The following example illustrates the use of __attribute__((bitband)).
typedef struct {
  int i : 1;
  int j : 2;
  int k : 3;
} BB __attribute__((bitband));
BB bb __attribute__((at(0x20000004));
void foo(void)
{
  bb.i = 1;
}
For peripherals that are sensitive to the memory access width, byte, halfword, and word stores or loads to the alias space are generated for char, short, and int types of bitfields of bit-banded structs respectively.
In the following example, bit-banded access is generated for bb.i.
typedef struct {
  char i : 1;
  int j : 2;
  int k : 3;
} BB __attribute__((bitband));
BB bb __attribute__((at(0x20000004)));
void foo()
{
  bb.i = 1;
}
If you do not use __attribute__((at())) to place the bit-banded variable in the bit-band region, you must relocate it using another method. You can do this by either using an appropriate scatter-loading description file or by using the --rw_base linker command-line option. See the Linker Reference for more information.

Restrictions

The following restrictions apply:
  • This type attribute can only be used with struct. Any union type or other aggregate type with a union as a member cannot be bit-banded.
  • Members of structs cannot be bit-banded individually.
  • Bit-banded accesses are only generated for single-bit bitfields.
  • Bit-banded accesses are not generated for const objects, pointers, and local objects.
  • Bit-banding is only available on some processors. For example, the Cortex-M3 and Cortex-M4 processors.
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