Assembler User GuidePreface Overview of the Assembler Overview of the ARM Architecture Structure of Assembly Language Modules Writing ARM Assembly Language Condition Codes Using the Assembler Symbols, Literals, Expressions, and Operators VFP Programming Assembler Command-line Options ARM and Thumb Instructions ARM and Thumb instruction summary Instruction width specifiers Flexible second operand (Operand2) Syntax of Operand2 as a constant Syntax of Operand2 as a register with optional shi Shift operations Saturating instructions Condition code suffixes ADC ADD ADR (PC-relative) ADR (register-relative) ADRL pseudo-instruction AND ASR B BFC BFI BIC BKPT BL BLX BX BXJ CBZ and CBNZ CDP and CDP2 CLREX CLZ CMP and CMN CPS CPY pseudo-instruction DBG DMB DSB EOR ERET HVC ISB IT LDC and LDC2 LDM LDR (immediate offset) LDR (PC-relative) LDR (register offset) LDR (register-relative) LDR pseudo-instruction LDR, unprivileged LDREX LSL LSR MCR and MCR2 MCRR and MCRR2 MLA MLS MOV MOV32 pseudo-instruction MOVT MRC and MRC2 MRRC and MRRC2 MRS (PSR to general-purpose register) MRS (system coprocessor register to ARM register) MSR (ARM register to system coprocessor register) MSR (general-purpose register to PSR) MUL MVN NEG pseudo-instruction NOP ORN (Thumb only) ORR PKHBT and PKHTB PLD and PLI POP PUSH QADD QADD8 QADD16 QASX QDADD QDSUB QSAX QSUB QSUB8 QSUB16 RBIT REV REV16 REVSH RFE ROR RRX RSB RSC SADD8 SADD16 SASX SBC SBFX SDIV SEL SETEND SEV SHADD8 SHADD16 SHASX SHSAX SHSUB8 SHSUB16 SMC SMLAxy SMLAD SMLAL SMLALD SMLALxy SMLAWy SMLSD SMLSLD SMMLA SMMLS SMMUL SMUAD SMULxy SMULL SMULWy SMUSD SRS SSAT SSAT16 SSAX SSUB8 SSUB16 STC and STC2 STM STR (immediate offset) STR (register offset) STR, unprivileged STREX SUB SUBS pc, lr SVC SWP and SWPB SXTAB SXTAB16 SXTAH SXTB SXTB16 SXTH SYS TBB and TBH TEQ TST UADD8 UADD16 UASX UBFX UDIV UHADD8 UHADD16 UHASX UHSAX UHSUB8 UHSUB16 UMAAL UMLAL UMULL UND pseudo-instruction UQADD8 UQADD16 UQASX UQSAX UQSUB8 UQSUB16 USAD8 USADA8 USAT USAT16 USAX USUB8 USUB16 UXTAB UXTAB16 UXTAH UXTB UXTB16 UXTH WFE WFI YIELD VFP Instructions Directives Reference Via File Syntax
The condition switch for the second, third and fourth instruction in the IT block can be either:
The instructions (including branches) in the IT block, except the
You are not required to write
When assembling to ARM code, the assembler performs the same checks, but does not generate any
With the exception of
You can use an
Conditional branches inside an IT block have a longer branch range than those outside the IT block.
The following instructions are not permitted in an IT block:
Other restrictions when using an IT block are:
The assembler shows a diagnostic message when any of these instructions are used in an
This instruction does not change the flags.
Exceptions can occur between an
Instructions designed for use as exception returns can be used as normal to return from the exception, and execution of the IT block resumes correctly. This is the only way that a PC-modifying instruction can branch to an instruction in an IT block.
This 16-bit Thumb instruction is available in ARMv6T2 and above.
In ARM code,
There is no 32-bit version of this instruction.
ITTE NE ; IT can be omitted ANDNE r0,r0,r1 ; 16-bit AND, not ANDS ADDSNE r2,r2,#1 ; 32-bit ADDS (16-bit ADDS does not set flags in ; IT block) MOVEQ r2,r3 ; 16-bit MOV ITT AL ; emit 2 non-flag setting 16-bit instructions ADDAL r0,r0,r1 ; 16-bit ADD, not ADDS SUBAL r2,r2,#1 ; 16-bit SUB, not SUB ADD r0,r0,r1 ; expands into 32-bit ADD, and is not in IT block ITT EQ MOVEQ r0,r1 BEQ dloop ; branch at end of IT block is permitted ITT EQ MOVEQ r0,r1 BKPT #1 ; BKPT always executes ADDEQ r0,r0,#1
IT NE ADD r0,r0,r1 ; syntax error: no condition code used in IT block
of your data.