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Assembler User Guide

Preface Overview of the Assembler Overview of the ARM Architecture Structure of Assembly Language Modules Writing ARM Assembly Language Condition Codes Using the Assembler Symbols, Literals, Expressions, and Operators VFP Programming Assembler Command-line Options ARM and Thumb Instructions ARM and Thumb instruction summary Instruction width specifiers Flexible second operand (Operand2) Syntax of Operand2 as a constant Syntax of Operand2 as a register with optional shi Shift operations Saturating instructions Condition code suffixes ADC ADD ADR (PC-relative) ADR (register-relative) ADRL pseudo-instruction AND ASR B BFC BFI BIC BKPT BL BLX BX BXJ CBZ and CBNZ CDP and CDP2 CLREX CLZ CMP and CMN CPS CPY pseudo-instruction DBG DMB DSB EOR ERET HVC ISB IT LDC and LDC2 LDM LDR (immediate offset) LDR (PC-relative) LDR (register offset) LDR (register-relative) LDR pseudo-instruction LDR, unprivileged LDREX LSL LSR MCR and MCR2 MCRR and MCRR2 MLA MLS MOV MOV32 pseudo-instruction MOVT MRC and MRC2 MRRC and MRRC2 MRS (PSR to general-purpose register) MRS (system coprocessor register to ARM register) MSR (ARM register to system coprocessor register) MSR (general-purpose register to PSR) MUL MVN NEG pseudo-instruction NOP ORN (Thumb only) ORR PKHBT and PKHTB PLD and PLI POP PUSH QADD QADD8 QADD16 QASX QDADD QDSUB QSAX QSUB QSUB8 QSUB16 RBIT REV REV16 REVSH RFE ROR RRX RSB RSC SADD8 SADD16 SASX SBC SBFX SDIV SEL SETEND SEV SHADD8 SHADD16 SHASX SHSAX SHSUB8 SHSUB16 SMC SMLAxy SMLAD SMLAL SMLALD SMLALxy SMLAWy SMLSD SMLSLD SMMLA SMMLS SMMUL SMUAD SMULxy SMULL SMULWy SMUSD SRS SSAT SSAT16 SSAX SSUB8 SSUB16 STC and STC2 STM STR (immediate offset) STR (register offset) STR, unprivileged STREX SUB SUBS pc, lr SVC SWP and SWPB SXTAB SXTAB16 SXTAH SXTB SXTB16 SXTH SYS TBB and TBH TEQ TST UADD8 UADD16 UASX UBFX UDIV UHADD8 UHADD16 UHASX UHSAX UHSUB8 UHSUB16 UMAAL UMLAL UMULL UND pseudo-instruction UQADD8 UQADD16 UQASX UQSAX UQSUB8 UQSUB16 USAD8 USADA8 USAT USAT16 USAX USUB8 USUB16 UXTAB UXTAB16 UXTAH UXTB UXTB16 UXTH WFE WFI YIELD VFP Instructions Directives Reference Via File Syntax

Syntax of Operand2 as a constant

10.4 Syntax of Operand2 as a constant

An Operand2 constant in an instruction has a limited range of values.

Syntax

#constant
where constant is an expression evaluating to a numeric value.

Usage

In Thumb instructions, constant can be:
  • Any constant that can be produced by shifting an 8-bit value left by any number of bits within a 32-bit word.
  • Any constant of the form 0x00XY00XY.
  • Any constant of the form 0xXY00XY00.
  • Any constant of the form 0xXYXYXYXY.

Note

In these constants, X and Y are hexadecimal digits.
In addition, in a small number of instructions, constant can take a wider range of values. These are listed in the individual instruction descriptions.
When an Operand2 constant is used with the instructions MOVS, MVNS, ANDS, ORRS, ORNS, EORS, BICS, TEQ or TST, the carry flag is updated to bit[31] of the constant, if the constant is greater than 255 and can be produced by shifting an 8-bit value. These instructions do not affect the carry flag if Operand2 is any other constant.

Instruction substitution

If the value of an Operand2 constant is not available, but its logical inverse or negation is available, then the assembler produces an equivalent instruction and inverts or negates the constant.
For example, an assembler might assemble the instruction CMP Rd, #0xFFFFFFFE as the equivalent instruction CMN Rd, #0x2.
Be aware of this when comparing disassembly listings with source code.
You can use the --diag_warning 1645 assembler command line option to check when an instruction substitution occurs.
Related concepts
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