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Information in this article applies to:

  • C166 All Versions


Whenever I try to format a Float variable using SPRINTF, the resulting string is zero. The values to be converted are within the floating-point limits. This only happens when I use my own startup code. What could be causing this?


You are not initializing the DPP1 and DPP2 registers in your startup code. Although your program does not use them, the C compiler requires that these registers are initialized during start up.

We strongly urge you to use the START167.A66 or START_V2.A66 file that we provide as the basis for your startup routines. The Keil startup code performs the following operations:

  • Clears DATA and optionally PDATA and XDATA memory,
  • Sets up the reentrant stacks (if necessary),
  • Initializes C Global Variables,
  • Initializes the DPP registers,
  • Defines and sets the main register bank,
  • Sets the Stack Pointer,
  • Jumps to your MAIN C function.

Your startup code must do all of these. If it doesn't, you may encounter run-time problems that are difficult to debug and diagnose.


Last Reviewed: Friday, July 15, 2005

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