CMSIS-Core (Cortex-A)  Version 1.2.0
CMSIS-Core support for Cortex-A processor-based devices
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Device Header File <device.h>

The Device Header File <device.h> contains the following sections that are device specific:

  • Interrupt Number Definition provides interrupt numbers (IRQn) for all exceptions and interrupts of the device.
  • Configuration of the Processor and Core Peripherals reflect the features of the device.
  • Device Peripheral Access Layer definitions for the Peripheral Access to all device peripherals. It contains all data structures and the address mapping for device-specific peripherals.
  • Access Functions for Peripherals (optioal) provide additional helper functions for peripherals that are useful for programming of these peripherals. Access Functions may be provided as inline functions or can be extern references to a device-specific library provided by the silicon vendor.

Interrupt Number Definition

Configuration of the Processor and Core Peripherals

Device Peripheral Access Layer

The Device Header File <device.h> contains the following sections that are device specific:

  • Interrupt Number Definition provides interrupt numbers (IRQn) for all exceptions and interrupts of the device.
  • Configuration of the Processor and Core Peripherals reflect the features of the device.
  • Device Peripheral Access Layer definitions for the Peripheral Access to all device peripherals. It contains all data structures and the address mapping for device-specific peripherals.
  • Access Functions for Peripherals (optional) provide additional helper functions for peripherals that are useful for programming of these peripherals. Access Functions may be provided as inline functions or can be extern references to a device-specific library provided by the silicon vendor.

Reference describes the standard features and functions of the Device Header File <device.h> in detail.

Interrupt Number Definition

Device Header File <device.h> contains the enumeration IRQn_Type that defines all exceptions and interrupts of the device. For devices implementing an Arm GIC these are defined as:

  • IRQn 0-15 represents software generated interrupts (SGI), local to each processor core.
  • IRQn 16-31 represents private peripheral interrupts (PPI), local to each processor core.
  • IRQn 32-1019 represents shared peripheral interrupts (SPI), routable to all processor cores.
  • IRQn 1020-1023 represents special interrupts, refer to the GIC Architecture Specification.

Example:

The following example shows the extension of the interrupt vector table for Cortex-A9 class device.

typedef enum IRQn
{
/****** SGI Interrupts Numbers ****************************************/
SGI0_IRQn = 0,
SGI1_IRQn = 1,
SGI2_IRQn = 2,
: :
SGI15_IRQn = 15,
/****** Cortex-A9 Processor Exceptions Numbers ****************************************/
/****** Platform Exceptions Numbers ***************************************************/
Timer0_IRQn = 34,
Timer1_IRQn = 35,
RTClock_IRQn = 36,
UART0_IRQn = 37,
: :
: :

Configuration of the Processor and Core Peripherals

The Device Header File <device.h> configures the Cortex-A processor and the core peripherals with #defines that are set prior to including the file core_<cpu>.h.

The following tables list the #defines along with the possible values for each processor core. If these #defines are missing default values are used.

#define Value Range Default Description
__CM0_REV 0x0000 0x0000 Core revision number ([15:8] revision number, [7:0] patch number)
__CORTEX_A 5, 7, 9 (n/a) Core type number
__FPU_PRESENT 0 .. 1 0 Defines if an FPU is present or not
__GIC_PRESENT 0 ..1 Defines if an GIC is present or not Core revision number ([15:8] revision number, [7:0] patch number)
__TIM_PRESENT 0 .. 1 0 Defines if a private timer is present or not
__L2C_PRESENT 0 .. 1 0 Defines if a level 2 cache controller is present or not

Example

The following code exemplifies the configuration of the Cortex-A9 Processor and Core Peripherals.

#define __CA_REV 0x0000U
#define __CORTEX_A 9U
#define __FPU_PRESENT 1U
#define __GIC_PRESENT 1U
#define __TIM_PRESENT 0U
#define __L2C_PRESENT 0U
:
:
#include "core_ca.h" /* Cortex-A processor and core peripherals */

CMSIS Version and Processor Information

Defines in the core_cpu.h file identify the version of the CMSIS-Core-A and the processor used. The following shows the defines in the various core_cpu.h files that may be used in the Device Header File <device.h> to verify a minimum version or ensure that the right processor core is used.

#define __CA_CMSIS_VERSION_MAIN (5U) /* [31:16] CMSIS Core main version */
#define __CA_CMSIS_VERSION_SUB (0U) /* [15:0] CMSIS Core sub version */
#define __CA_CMSIS_VERSION ((__CA_CMSIS_VERSION_MAIN << 16U) | \
__CA_CMSIS_VERSION_SUB ) /* CMSIS Core version number */

Device Peripheral Access Layer

The Device Header File <device.h> contains for each peripheral:

  • Register Layout Typedef
  • Base Address
  • Access Definitions

The section Peripheral Access shows examples for peripheral definitions.

Device.h Template File

The silicon vendor needs to extend the Device.h template file with the CMSIS features described above. In addition the Device Header File <device.h> may contain functions to access device-specific peripherals. The system_Device.h Template File which is provided as part of the CMSIS specification is shown below.

/**************************************************************************//**
 * @file     <Device>.h
 * @brief    CMSIS Cortex-A Core Peripheral Access Layer Header File
 * @version  V1.00
 * @date     10. January 2018
 ******************************************************************************/
/*
 * Copyright (c) 2009-2018 Arm Limited. All rights reserved.
 *
 * SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0
 *
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the License); you may
 * not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 * www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an AS IS BASIS, WITHOUT
 * WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

#ifndef <Device>_H      /* ToDo: replace '<Device>' with your device name */
#define <Device>_H

#ifdef __cplusplus
extern "C" {
#endif

/* ToDo: replace '<Vendor>' with vendor name; add your doxyGen comment   */
/** @addtogroup <Vendor>
  * @{
  */


/* ToDo: replace '<Device>' with device name; add your doxyGen comment   */
/** @addtogroup <Device>
  * @{
  */


/** @addtogroup Configuration_of_CMSIS
  * @{
  */


/* =========================================================================================================================== */
/* ================                                Interrupt Number Definition                                ================ */
/* =========================================================================================================================== */

typedef enum IRQn
{
/* =======================================  ARM Cortex-A Specific Interrupt Numbers  ========================================= */

  /* Software Generated Interrupts */
  SGI0_IRQn                          =  0,      /*!< Software Generated Interrupt  0                                           */
  SGI1_IRQn                          =  1,      /*!< Software Generated Interrupt  1                                           */
  SGI2_IRQn                          =  2,      /*!< Software Generated Interrupt  2                                           */
  SGI3_IRQn                          =  3,      /*!< Software Generated Interrupt  3                                           */
  SGI4_IRQn                          =  4,      /*!< Software Generated Interrupt  4                                           */
  SGI5_IRQn                          =  5,      /*!< Software Generated Interrupt  5                                           */
  SGI6_IRQn                          =  6,      /*!< Software Generated Interrupt  6                                           */
  SGI7_IRQn                          =  7,      /*!< Software Generated Interrupt  7                                           */
  SGI8_IRQn                          =  8,      /*!< Software Generated Interrupt  8                                           */
  SGI9_IRQn                          =  9,      /*!< Software Generated Interrupt  9                                           */
  SGI10_IRQn                         = 10,      /*!< Software Generated Interrupt 10                                           */
  SGI11_IRQn                         = 11,      /*!< Software Generated Interrupt 11                                           */
  SGI12_IRQn                         = 12,      /*!< Software Generated Interrupt 12                                           */
  SGI13_IRQn                         = 13,      /*!< Software Generated Interrupt 13                                           */
  SGI14_IRQn                         = 14,      /*!< Software Generated Interrupt 14                                           */
  SGI15_IRQn                         = 15,      /*!< Software Generated Interrupt 15                                           */
  
  /* Private Peripheral Interrupts */
  VirtualMaintenanceInterrupt_IRQn   = 25,      /*!< Virtual Maintenance Interrupt                                             */
  HypervisorTimer_IRQn               = 26,      /*!< Hypervisor Timer Interrupt                                                */
  VirtualTimer_IRQn                  = 27,      /*!< Virtual Timer Interrupt                                                   */ 
  Legacy_nFIQ_IRQn                   = 28,      /*!< Legacy nFIQ Interrupt                                                     */
  SecurePhysicalTimer_IRQn           = 29,      /*!< Secure Physical Timer Interrupt                                           */
  NonSecurePhysicalTimer_IRQn        = 30,      /*!< Non-Secure Physical Timer Interrupt                                       */
  Legacy_nIRQ_IRQn                   = 31,      /*!< Legacy nIRQ Interrupt                                                     */ 

 /* Shared Peripheral Interrupts */
 /* ToDo: add here your device specific external interrupt numbers */
  <DeviceInterrupt>_IRQn    = 0,                /*!< Device Interrupt                                                          */
  
} IRQn_Type;


/* =========================================================================================================================== */
/* ================                           Processor and Core Peripheral Section                           ================ */
/* =========================================================================================================================== */

/* ===========================  Configuration of the Arm Cortex-A Processor and Core Peripherals  ============================ */
/* ToDo: set the defines according your Device */
/* ToDo: define the correct core revision              
         5U if your device is a CORTEX-A5 device
         7U if your device is a CORTEX-A7 device
         9U if your device is a CORTEX-A9 device */
#define __CORTEX_A                    #U      /*!< Cortex-A# Core                              */
#define __CA_REV                 0x0000U      /*!< Core revision r0p0                          */
/* ToDo: define the correct core features for the <Device> */
#define __FPU_PRESENT                 1U      /*!< Set to 1 if FPU is present                  */
#define __GIC_PRESENT                 1U      /*!< Set to 1 if GIC is present                  */
#define __TIM_PRESENT                 1U      /*!< Set to 1 if TIM is present                  */
#define __L2C_PRESENT                 1U      /*!< Set to 1 if L2C is present                  */

/** @} */ /* End of group Configuration_of_CMSIS */

/* ToDo: include the correct core_ca#.h file
         core_ca5.h if your device is a CORTEX-A5 device
         core_ca7.h if your device is a CORTEX-A7 device
         core_ca9.h if your device is a CORTEX-A9 device */
#include <core_ca#.h>                         /*!< Arm Cortex-A# processor and core peripherals */
/* ToDo: include your system_<Device>.h file
         replace '<Device>' with your device name */
#include "system_<Device>.h"                  /*!< <Device> System */


/* ========================================  Start of section using anonymous unions  ======================================== */
#if   defined (__CC_ARM)
  #pragma push
  #pragma anon_unions
#elif defined (__ICCARM__)
  #pragma language=extended
#elif defined(__ARMCC_VERSION) && (__ARMCC_VERSION >= 6010050)
  #pragma clang diagnostic push
  #pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wc11-extensions"
  #pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wreserved-id-macro"
#elif defined (__GNUC__)
  /* anonymous unions are enabled by default */
#elif defined (__TMS470__)
  /* anonymous unions are enabled by default */
#elif defined (__TASKING__)
  #pragma warning 586
#elif defined (__CSMC__)
  /* anonymous unions are enabled by default */
#else
  #warning Not supported compiler type
#endif


/* =========================================================================================================================== */
/* ================                            Device Specific Peripheral Section                             ================ */
/* =========================================================================================================================== */


/** @addtogroup Device_Peripheral_peripherals
  * @{
  */

/* ToDo: add here your device specific peripheral access structure typedefs
         following is an example for a timer */

/* =========================================================================================================================== */
/* ================                                            TMR                                            ================ */
/* =========================================================================================================================== */


/**
  * @brief Timer (TMR)
  */

typedef struct
{                                               /*!< (@ 0x40000000) TIM Structure                                              */
  __IOM uint32_t   TimerLoad;                   /*!< (@ 0x00000004) Timer Load                                                 */
  __IM  uint32_t   TimerValue;                  /*!< (@ 0x00000008) Timer Counter Current Value                                */
  __IOM uint32_t   TimerControl;                /*!< (@ 0x0000000C) Timer Control                                              */
  __OM  uint32_t   TimerIntClr;                 /*!< (@ 0x00000010) Timer Interrupt Clear                                      */
  __IM  uint32_t   TimerRIS;                    /*!< (@ 0x00000014) Timer Raw Interrupt Status                                 */
  __IM  uint32_t   TimerMIS;                    /*!< (@ 0x00000018) Timer Masked Interrupt Status                              */
  __IM  uint32_t   RESERVED[1];
  __IOM uint32_t   TimerBGLoad;                 /*!< (@ 0x00000020) Background Load Register                                   */
} <DeviceAbbreviation>_TMR_TypeDef;

/*@}*/ /* end of group <Device>_Peripherals */


/* =========================================  End of section using anonymous unions  ========================================= */
#if   defined (__CC_ARM)
  #pragma pop
#elif defined (__ICCARM__)
  /* leave anonymous unions enabled */
#elif (__ARMCC_VERSION >= 6010050)
  #pragma clang diagnostic pop
#elif defined (__GNUC__)
  /* anonymous unions are enabled by default */
#elif defined (__TMS470__)
  /* anonymous unions are enabled by default */
#elif defined (__TASKING__)
  #pragma warning restore
#elif defined (__CSMC__)
  /* anonymous unions are enabled by default */
#else
  #warning Not supported compiler type
#endif


/* =========================================================================================================================== */
/* ================                          Device Specific Peripheral Address Map                           ================ */
/* =========================================================================================================================== */


/* ToDo: add here your device peripherals base addresses
         following is an example for timer */
/** @addtogroup Device_Peripheral_peripheralAddr
  * @{
  */

/* Peripheral and SRAM base address */
#define <DeviceAbbreviation>_FLASH_BASE       (0x00000000UL)                              /*!< (FLASH     ) Base Address */
#define <DeviceAbbreviation>_SRAM_BASE        (0x20000000UL)                              /*!< (SRAM      ) Base Address */
#define <DeviceAbbreviation>_PERIPH_BASE      (0x40000000UL)                              /*!< (Peripheral) Base Address */

/* Peripheral memory map */
#define <DeviceAbbreviation>TIM0_BASE         (<DeviceAbbreviation>_PERIPH_BASE)          /*!< (Timer0    ) Base Address */
#define <DeviceAbbreviation>TIM1_BASE         (<DeviceAbbreviation>_PERIPH_BASE + 0x0800) /*!< (Timer1    ) Base Address */
#define <DeviceAbbreviation>TIM2_BASE         (<DeviceAbbreviation>_PERIPH_BASE + 0x1000) /*!< (Timer2    ) Base Address */

/** @} */ /* End of group Device_Peripheral_peripheralAddr */


/* =========================================================================================================================== */
/* ================                                  Peripheral declaration                                   ================ */
/* =========================================================================================================================== */


/* ToDo: add here your device peripherals pointer definitions
         following is an example for timer */
/** @addtogroup Device_Peripheral_declaration
  * @{
  */

#define <DeviceAbbreviation>_TIM0        ((<DeviceAbbreviation>_TMR_TypeDef *) <DeviceAbbreviation>TIM0_BASE)
#define <DeviceAbbreviation>_TIM1        ((<DeviceAbbreviation>_TMR_TypeDef *) <DeviceAbbreviation>TIM0_BASE)
#define <DeviceAbbreviation>_TIM2        ((<DeviceAbbreviation>_TMR_TypeDef *) <DeviceAbbreviation>TIM0_BASE)


/** @} */ /* End of group <Device> */

/** @} */ /* End of group <Vendor> */

#ifdef __cplusplus
}
#endif

#endif  /* <Device>_H */