CMSIS-Pack  Version 1.5.0
Delivery Mechanism for Software Packs
 All Pages
Configuration Wizard Annotations

Annotation Rules

Configuration Wizard Annotations consist of annotation items and annotation modifiers. They create GUI-like elements in IDEs for configuration files (see Tool-specific display). Using a GUI-like approach makes it easier for the user to check and adapt configuration files to the application needs. The following rules apply:

  • The Configuration Wizard section must begin within the first 100 lines of code and must start with the following comment line:
    // <<< Use Configuration Wizard in Context Menu >>>
  • The Configuration Wizard section can end with the following optional comment:
    // <<< end of configuration section >>>
  • Annotations are written as comments in the code. Each annotation line must start with a double forward slash (//).
  • By default, the next code symbol that follows the annotation is modified.
  • Items marked with * in the table below can be followed by a skip-value. A skip-value omits a number of code symbols (see skip example in table). This overwrites the previous rule.
  • A descriptive text can be added to items. This text is displayed on screen (see table).
  • Whitespace characters are ignored in annotation items or annotation modifiers (text excluded).
  • You must not use < or > within configuration wizard lines other than for enclosing annotation items.

The following table lists the Configuration Wizard Annotations:

Item Text Description
<h> yes Heading. Creates a header section. All items and options enclosed by <h> and </h> belong to one group and can be expanded. This entry makes no changes to code symbols. It is just used to group other items and modifiers.
Excerpt from the Code Example
// <h>Thread Configuration -- header without checkbox to group other items
// ...
// </h>
Is the header entry as shown in Tool-specific display.
<e>* yes Heading with enable. Creates a header section with a checkbox to enabled or disabled all items and options enclosed by <e> and </e>. Excerpt from the Code Example.
// <e>Round-Robin Thread switching -- header with checkbox
// ===============================
//
// <i> Enables Round-Robin Thread switching. -- tooltip information for the header
#ifndef OS_ROBIN
#define OS_ROBIN 1 -- this value is set through the checkbox
#endif
// <o>Round-Robin Timeout [ticks] <1-1000>
// <i> Defines how long a thread will execute before a thread switch.
// <i> Default: 5
#ifndef OS_ROBINTOUT
#define OS_ROBINTOUT 5
#endif
// </e>
The entry <e>Round-Robin Thread switching ... </e> sets OS_ROBIN to 1 (checkbox enabled) or 0 (checkbox disabled) and encloses the OS_ROBINTOUT (Round-Robin Timeout) setting. See screen outcome in Tool-specific display.
<e.i>* yes Heading with Enable: modifies a specific bit (i) (example: <e.4> - changes bit 4 of a value).
// <e.4>Serial Number
// <i>Enable Serial Number String.
// <i>If disabled, Serial Number String will not be assigned to USB Device.
#define USBD0_STR_DESC_SER_EN 1
The example creates the heading Serial Number and a checkbox to set the value. If enabled, then bit 4 of USBD0_STR_DESC_SER_EN is set.
</h>, </e>, or </c> yes Heading, Enable, or Comment end.
<n> yes Notification text displayed
// <n> This is shown as plain text
<i> yes Tooltip help for previous item.
// <i>This is shown as a tooltip when hovering over a text.
Many examples in this table have tooltip examples.
<c>* yes Code enable: creates a checkbox to uncomment or comment code. All lines, including those with white spaces, get commented with double slashes (//) at the first found character when you disable the checkbox.
// <c1> Comment sequence block until block end when disabled
//<i> This may carry the block's description
foo
+bar
-xFoo
// </c>
In this example, the item is enabled, so that the sequence block is not commented.
<!c>* yes Code disable: creates a checkbox to comment or uncomment code. All lines, including those with white spaces, get commented with double slashes (//) at the first found character when you enable the checkbox.
// <!c1> Comment sequence block until block end when enabled
//<i> This may carry the block's description
//
//foo
//
//+bar
//
//-xFoo
// </c>
In this example, the item is enabled, so that the sequence block is commented.
<q>* yes Option for bit values which can be set via a checkbox.
// <h> Chip-select control
// <q> ASYNCWAIT: Wait signal during asynchronous transfer
// <i> Enables the FSMC to use the wait signal even during an asynchronous protocol.
// </h>
#define RTE_FSMC_BCR1_ASYNCWAIT 0 -- this is changed via a checkbox
<o>* yes Option with selection or number entry.
// <o>Round-Robin Timeout [ticks] <1-1000> -- text displayed on screen. Range of [ticks] is [1..1000]
// <i> Defines how long a thread will execute before a thread switch. -- tooltip info
// <i> Default: 5 -- tooltip info. Both displayed in one tooltip.
#ifndef OS_ROBINTOUT
#define OS_ROBINTOUT 5
#endif
// </e>
The example creates an option with the text Round-Robin Timeout [ticks] and a field to enter values that can range between {1..1000].
<o.i>* yes Modify a single bit (example: <e.4> - modifies bit 4).
// <o.4> <o.0>High-speed
// <i>Enable High-speed functionality (if device supports it).
#define USBD0_HS 0
The example creates a heading with the text High-speed and a checkbox. If enabled, then bit 4 of USBD0_HS is set.
<o.x..y>* yes Modify a range of bits. (example: <o.4..5> - bit 4 to 5).
// <h>String Settings
// <i>These settings are used to create the String Descriptor.
// <o.0..15>Language ID <0x0000-0xFCFF>
// <i>English (United States) = 0x0409.
// </h>
#define USBD0_STR_DESC_LANGID 0x0409
This example creates an expandable header with the text String Settings and an option Language ID. The range of values is set to <0x0000-0xFCFF>. Users can enter a value from within that range. The option changes the bits 0..15.
<s>* yes Option with ASCII string entry.
// <s>Manufacturer String
// <i>String Descriptor describing Manufacturer.
#define USBD0_STR_DESC_MAN L"Keil Software"
Displays an option with the text Manufacturer String and creates a field in which the user can enter a text. The size of the string is not limited.
<s.i>* yes Option with ASCII string entry and a size limit of i characters.
// <s.126>Manufacturer String
// <i>String Descriptor describing Manufacturer.
#define USBD0_STR_DESC_MAN L"Keil Software"
The example sets a size limit of 126 character. Default string is "Keil Software".
skip example
<qi>;
<oi>; <oi.x>;
<si>; <si.x>
yes Skip i items. Can be applied to all annotation items marked with a * in this table.
// <o2>Skip 2 and modify the third item after this entry <1-9>
#define VALUE1 1000
#define VALUE2 2000
#define MODIFY_THIS 3000
The example skips 2 items and modifies the third.
Modifier   Description
<0-31> no Value range for option fields.
<0-100:10> no Value range for option fields with step 10.
<0x40-0x1000:0x10> no Value range in hex format and step 10.
<value=> yes Creates a drop down-list and displays the text. value is written to the next item. Excerpt from the Code Example.
// <o>Timer Thread Priority -- creates a drop-down with the list below.
// <1=> Low
// <2=> Below Normal <3=> Normal <4=> Above Normal
// <5=> High
// <6=> Realtime (highest)
// <i> Defines priority for Timer Thread -- tooltip info
// <i> Default: High -- tooltip info
#ifndef OS_TIMERPRIO
#define OS_TIMERPRIO 5
#endif
In this example, the screen would show the option Timer Thread Priority. The field Value would display the text High. OS_TIMERPRIO is set to 5. When clicking on the field, a drop-down would show all options. See Tool-specific display.
<#+1>   <#-1>
<#*8>   <#/3>
no Modifies the entered or displayed value according to the operator (add, sub, mul, div). The changed value is set for the code symbol.
Excerpt from Code Example.
// <o>Default Thread stack size [bytes] <64-4096:8><#/4>
// <i> Defines default stack size for threads with osThreadDef stacksz = 0
// <i> Default: 200
#ifndef OS_STKSIZE
#define OS_STKSIZE 50
#endif
The option Default Thread stack size [bytes] accepts values in the range [64..4096]. The value (here 200) set in the field is divided by 4 (<#/4>) . The result of the division (200/4) is put into the code symbol OS_STKSIZE, which was set to 50. The screen will display the number 200. See Tool-specific display.

Code Example

You can copy the code into a C-file and check the outcome in the uVision Editor.

//-------- <<< Use Configuration Wizard in Context Menu>>> -----------------
//
// <h>Thread Configuration
// =======================
//
// <o>Number of concurrent running threads <0-250>
// <i> Defines max. number of threads that will run at the same time.
// <i> Default: 6
#ifndef OS_TASKCNT
#define OS_TASKCNT 6
#endif
// <o>Default Thread stack size [bytes] <64-4096:8><#/4>
// <i> Defines default stack size for threads with osThreadDef stacksz = 0
// <i> Default: 200
#ifndef OS_STKSIZE
#define OS_STKSIZE 50
#endif
// <o>Main Thread stack size [bytes] <64-32768:8><#/4>
// <i> Defines stack size for main thread.
// <i> Default: 200
#ifndef OS_MAINSTKSIZE
#define OS_MAINSTKSIZE 50
#endif
// <o>Number of threads with user-provided stack size <0-250>
// <i> Defines the number of threads with user-provided stack size.
// <i> Default: 0
#ifndef OS_PRIVCNT
#define OS_PRIVCNT 0
#endif
// <o>Total stack size [bytes] for threads with user-provided stack size <0-1048576:8><#/4>
// <i> Defines the combined stack size for threads with user-provided stack size.
// <i> Default: 0
#ifndef OS_PRIVSTKSIZE
#define OS_PRIVSTKSIZE 0
#endif
// <q>Check for stack overflow
// <i> Includes the stack checking code for stack overflow.
// <i> Note that additional code reduces the Kernel performance.
#ifndef OS_STKCHECK
#define OS_STKCHECK 1
#endif
// <o>Processor mode for thread execution
// <0=> Unprivileged mode
// <1=> Privileged mode
// <i> Default: Privileged mode
#ifndef OS_RUNPRIV
#define OS_RUNPRIV 1
#endif
// </h>
// <h>RTX Kernel Timer Tick Configuration
// ======================================
// <q> Use Cortex-M SysTick timer as RTX Kernel Timer
// <i> Use the Cortex-M SysTick timer as a time-base for RTX.
#ifndef OS_SYSTICK
#define OS_SYSTICK 1
#endif
//
// <o>Timer clock value [Hz] <1-1000000000>
// <i> Defines the timer clock value.
// <i> Default: 12000000 (12MHz)
#ifndef OS_CLOCK
#define OS_CLOCK 12000000
#endif
// <o>Timer tick value [us] <1-1000000>
// <i> Defines the timer tick value.
// <i> Default: 1000 (1ms)
#ifndef OS_TICK
#define OS_TICK 1000
#endif
// </h>
// <h>System Configuration
// =======================
//
// <e>Round-Robin Thread switching
// ===============================
//
// <i> Enables Round-Robin Thread switching.
#ifndef OS_ROBIN
#define OS_ROBIN 1
#endif
// <o>Round-Robin Timeout [ticks] <1-1000>
// <i> Defines how long a thread will execute before a thread switch.
// <i> Default: 5
#ifndef OS_ROBINTOUT
#define OS_ROBINTOUT 5
#endif
// </e>
// <e>User Timers
// ==============
// <i> Enables user Timers
#ifndef OS_TIMERS
#define OS_TIMERS 1
#endif
// <o>Timer Thread Priority
// <1=> Low
// <2=> Below Normal <3=> Normal <4=> Above Normal
// <5=> High
// <6=> Realtime (highest)
// <i> Defines priority for Timer Thread
// <i> Default: High
#ifndef OS_TIMERPRIO
#define OS_TIMERPRIO 5
#endif
// <o>Timer Thread stack size [bytes] <64-4096:8><#/4>
// <i> Defines stack size for Timer thread.
// <i> Default: 200
#ifndef OS_TIMERSTKSZ
#define OS_TIMERSTKSZ 50
#endif
// <o>Timer Callback Queue size <1-32>
// <i> Number of concurrent active timer callback functions.
// <i> Default: 4
#ifndef OS_TIMERCBQS
#define OS_TIMERCBQS 4
#endif
// </e>
// <o>ISR FIFO Queue size<4=> 4 entries <8=> 8 entries
// <12=> 12 entries <16=> 16 entries
// <24=> 24 entries <32=> 32 entries
// <48=> 48 entries <64=> 64 entries
// <96=> 96 entries
// <i> ISR functions store requests to this buffer,
// <i> when they are called from the interrupt handler.
// <i> Default: 16 entries
#ifndef OS_FIFOSZ
#define OS_FIFOSZ 16
#endif
// </h>
//------------- <<< end of configuration section>>> -----------------------

Tool-specific display

It is left to the development tool to interpret and display Configuration Wizard Annotations. The uVision IDE displays the code above in the following way:

RTX_Conf_CM_Wizard_View.png
Configuration Wizard Display

Where

Option are device properties, which can be represented in a tree structure. Each item can have an explanatory tooltip.

Value sets the option value. Can contain controls to encapsulate data in predefined drop-down lists.